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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Office of Minority HealthU.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

National Partnership for Action

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Glossary of Terms

Family eating healthy meal

The following terminology is used frequently throughout this website to describe NPA goals, strategies and areas of focus. For more information on NPA goals and objectives, please see the National Stakeholder Strategy for Achieving Health Equity.

Affordable Care Act

The comprehensive health care reform law enacted in March 2010 is known as the Affordable Care Act. The law was enacted in two parts: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law on March 23, 2010 and was amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 on March 30, 2010. (Source: https://www.healthcare.gov/where-can-i-read-the-affordable-care-act/)

Community Health Workers (CHWs)

Frontline public health workers who are trusted members of and /or have an unusually close understanding of the community served. (Source: http://www.apha.org/policies-and-advocacy/public-health-policy-statements/policy-database/2014/07/09/14/19/support-for-community-health-workers-to-increase-health-access-and-to-reduce-health-inequities Exit Disclaimer)

Cross-Sector Partnerships

Formal and informal partnerships where parties from the government, nonprofit and/or for-profit sectors are collaborating toward a common goal and aiming to maximize the impact of available resources. (Source: http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/oah-initiatives/teen_pregnancy/training/Assests/2014%20Conference/maximizing_resources_crosssector.pdf)

Emerging Leaders

The future leaders of America, including students and individuals who have recently joined the professional workforce.

Health Equity

Attainment of the highest level of health for all people. Achieving health equity requires valuing everyone equally with focused and ongoing societal efforts to address avoidable inequalities, historical and contemporary injustices, and the elimination of health and healthcare disparities. (Source: http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/npa/files/Plans/NSS/NSS_05_Section1.pdf)

Health Disparity

A particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social or economic disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater social and/or economic obstacles to health and/or a clean environment based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion.

National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health and Health Care (National CLAS Standards)

The enhanced National CLAS Standards are a comprehensive series of guidelines that inform, guide and facilitate practices related to culturally and linguistically appropriate health services (Source: https://www.thinkculturalhealth.hhs.gov/pdfs/NationalCLASStandardsFactSheet.pdf)

Peer Mentorship

A form of mentorship that takes place between a person who has lived through a specific experience (the peer mentor) and a person who is new to that experience (the peer mentee). (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer_mentoring Exit Disclaimer)

Social Determinants of Health

Conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. (Source: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health)

Last Modified: 3/25/2016 12:00:00 AM