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Heart Disease and African Americans

Although African American adults are 40 percent more likely to have high blood pressure, they are less as likely than their non-Hispanic White counterparts to have their blood pressure under control.

  • In 2010, African Americans were 30 percent more likely to die from heart disease than non-Hispanic whites.
  • African American women are 1.6 times more likely (60 percent more likely) than non-Hispanic white women to have high blood pressure.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2012

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

6.5

6.2

1.0

Source:  CDC 2014.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2013)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

289.1

217.9

1.2

Women

176.4

134.6

1.3

Total

215.5

171.8

1.3

Source:  CDC, 2014. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 64, Num 2 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_02.pdf [PDF | 1.68MB]

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to heart disease. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and African Americans

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2009-2012.

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

42.5

29.6

1.4

Women

44.2

27.5

1.6

Source:  CDC 2015 Health United States, 2014. Table 60.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus14.pdf [PDF | 14.65MB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2012.

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black /Non-Hispanic White Ratio

33.2

23.4

1.4

Source:  CDC 2014.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]

 

Percent of adults with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control, 2011-2012

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

48.7

53.9

0.9

Source:  CDC 2015. Health Indicators Warehouse.
http://www.healthindicators.gov/Indicators/Blood-pressure-control-adults-with-hypertensionpercent_882/Profile

 

High Cholesterol

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol, 2009-2012.

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

25.6

28.1

0.9

Women

26.3

28.2

0.9

Source:  CDC 2015. Health United States, 2014. Table 61.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus14.pdf [PDF | 14.65MB]

 

Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2008

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

76.9

74.1

1.0

Source:  AHRQ 2015. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query. Table 7 _5_ 1_ 4_2.1.
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

Heart Disease and African Americans

Age-adjusted percentage of adults aged 20 and over screened for cholesterol, 2011-2012

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black /Non- Hispanic White Ratio

Men

66.8

70.6

0.9

Women

75.9

72.9

1.0

Total

71.9

71.8

1.0

Source:  CDC 2013. NCHS Data Brief, No. 132, Figure 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db132.pdf [PDF | 778KB]

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2009-2011.

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men

22.5

22.1

1.0

Women

14.9

19.2

0.8

Source:  CDC, 2015. Health United States, 2014 Table 54.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus14.pdf [PDF | 14.65MB]

 

Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking, 2009

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

59.0

66.3

0.9

Women

61.5

73.8

0.8

Total

60.5

70.5

0.9

Source:  2013 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table T2_10_1_1-1_2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Hospital patients with heart attack who were prescribed ACE inhibitor or ARB at discharge, United States, 2012

Black

White

Black/
White Ratio

97.5

96.1

1.0

Source: AHRQ 2015. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query. Table 6_2_3_1_1.1.
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Last Modified: 1/28/2016 10:16:00 AM