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Heart Disease and American Indians/Alaska Natives

American Indians/Alaska Natives, on average, are more likely to be diagnosed with heart disease than their white counterparts. In addition, American Indians/Alaska Native adults are more likely to be obese than white adults, more likely to have high blood pressure, and they are more likely to be current cigarette smokers than white adults - all risk factors for heart disease

  • American Indian/Alaska Native men are 20 percent more likely than white men to be current cigarette smokers.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native adults are 30 percent more likely than white adults to have high blood pressure..

 

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2012

American Indian/
Alaska Native
(2 or more races)

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

8.1

6.2

1.3

Source: CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2014. Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2013)

 

American
Indians/Alaska
Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American
Indians/Alaska
Natives/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

152.3

217.9

0.7

Women

93.9

134.6

0.7

Total

120.6

171.8

0.7

Source:  CDC 2014. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 64, Num 2 Tables 16 and 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_02.pdf [PDF | 1.68MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and American Indians/Native Americans

 

Hypertension

NHANES data is not available.

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2004-2008.

 

American
Indian/Alaska
Native

Non-Hispanic White

American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men and Women

34.5

25.7

1.3

Men

38.7

26.7

1.4

Women

30.2

24.7

1.2

Source: CDC 2010. Health Characteristics of the American Indian and Alaska Native Adult Population: United States, 2004-2008. Table 4.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr020.pdf [PDF | 304KB]

Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control
Not available at this time.

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2012.

American Indian/
Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

24.8

23.4

1.1

Source: CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2012. Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]

 

High Cholesterol

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol
Not available at this time.

 

Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2008

American Indian/
Alaska Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

66.5

74.1

0.9

Source: AHRQ 2015. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query. Table 7_5_1_4_2.1.
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

 

BRFSS

Age-adjusted percent of adults told by a health-care provider that they had high blood cholesterol, 2003

American Indian/
Alaska Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

31.2

31.5

1.0

Source: CDC 2005. Trends in Cholesterol Screening and Awareness of High Blood Cholesterol – United States, 1991-2003. MMWR 54(35): 865-870, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5435.pdf [PDF | 631KB]


 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2012

American Indian/
Alaska Natives

Non-Hispanic
White

American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

18.8

20.6

0.9

Source: CDC 2014. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults 2012. Table 23.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_260.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB]



Age-Adjusted Percent of persons 18+ who currently smoke, 20011 - 2013

 

American Indian/Alaska Natives

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Natives /Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Male

25.6

22.1

1.2

Women

19.1

19.2

1.0

Source:  CDC 2014. Health United States, 2013. Table 54.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus14.pdf [PDF | 14.65MB]



Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking
Not available at this time.

At a Glance – Treatment:

Hospital patients with heart attack who were prescribed ACE inhibitor or ARB at discharge, United States, 2012

American Indians/
Alaska Natives

White

American Indians/Alaska
Natives/White Ratio

96.6

96.1

1.0

Source: AHRQ 2015. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query. Table 6_2_3_1_1.1.
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Last Modified: 1/28/2016 10:08:00 AM