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Infant Mortality and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indian/Alaska Natives have 1.5 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native babies are twice as likely as non-Hispanic white babies to die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
  • American Indian/Alaska Native infants are 70 percent more likely as non-Hispanic white infants to die from accidental deaths before the age of one year.

 

At a Glance – Infant Mortality Rate:

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2013

American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
All Races
American
Indian/Alaska
Native /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
7.6
5.1
6.0
1.5

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table A.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

At a Glance – Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for American Indian/Alaska Native, 2013.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Deaths
American
Indian/Alaska
Native Death
Rate
#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-
Hispanic
White Ratio

(1) Congenital malformations

71
154.4
2,443
114.7
1.3

(2) Low-Birthweight

44
95.7
1,585
74.4
1.3

(3) Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

36
78.3
854
40.1
2.0

(4) Accidents (unintentional injuries)

22
47.8
583
27.4
1.7

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

 

At a Glance – Prenatal Care:

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care starting in the 1st trimester, 2011

American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio
81.0
85.7
0.9

Source: CDC, 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 10
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table10.pdf [PDF | 54KB]

At a Glance – Characteristics of Mother:

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio
15.2
22.0
0.7

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table11.pdf [PDF | 56KB]

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2013

Age of mother
American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Non-Hispanic White
American
Indian/Alaska
Native/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Under 20 years

8.1
8.5
1.0

20-24 years

7.6
6.1
1.2

25-29 years

8.5
4.7
1.8

30-34 years

5.3
4.1
1.3

35-39 years

8.6
4.4
2.0

40-54 years

---
7.0
--

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

Last Modified: 9/4/2015 3:40:00 PM