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Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indian/Alaska Native women are 30% more likely than non-Hispanic White women to be obese.
  • American Indian or Alaska Native adults are 60% more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic Whites.
Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are overweight but not obese, 2011. (Persons are considered overweight if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 or greater.) National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
30.8
33.9
0.9

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

Percentage of adults 18 years of age and over who are either overweight or obese, 2008-2010

 
American Indian/Native American
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/
White Ratio
Men
78.1
68.4
1.1
Women
65.1
51.6
1.3
Both
71.1
69.9
1.2

Source:  CDC 2013.Health Behaviors of Adults: United states, 2008-2010. Table 6.1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_257.pdf [PDF | 2.15MB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are obese, 2011. (Persons are considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.)

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
40.8
26.2
1.6

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF |3.12MB]

 

CHILDREN

Percent of children age 2-17 for whom a doctor or other health provider ever gave advice about amount and kind of physical activity, United States, 2009

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
36.8
35.2
1.0

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_10_1_6.2a and 2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Percent of children age 2-17 for whom a doctor or other health provider ever gave advice about eating healthy, United States, 2009

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
42.1
49.0
0.9

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 2_10_1_8.2a and 2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY

  • More than 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.2
  • People who are overweight are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure, high levels of blood fats, and LDL cholesterol ("a fatlike substance") -- all risk factors for heart disease and stroke.2
  • American Indian or Alaska Native adults are 50% less likely than white adults to engage in regular leisure-time physical activity.

 

Physical Activity:

Percentage Inactive physical activity among adults 18 & over: 2011 (Did not meet federal physical activity guidelines)

American Indian
Non-Hispanic White
African American/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
51.4
44.1
1.1

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 29
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

Percentage Some Leisure Time Physical Activity Among Adults 18 & over: 2011 (Met aerobic guidelines only)

American Indian
Non-Hispanic White
African American/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
25.8
29.4
0.9

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 29
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

Percentage Regular Leisure Physical Activity Among Adults 18 & over: 2011 (Met federal physical activity guidelines)

American Indian
Non-Hispanic White
African American/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
17.0
23.0
0.7

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 29
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

 

At a Glace – Risk Factors:

Obesity is a risk factor several diseases. For statistics on these related diseases see:

Diabetes –See Diabetes and American Indians/Native Americans

Heart Disease –See Heart Disease and American Indians/Native Americans

Stroke –See Stroke and American Indians/Native Americans

Last Modified: 10/17/2013 2:31:00 PM