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Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives

  • American Indian/Alaska Native adolescents are 50 percent more likely than non-Hispanic Whites to be overweight.
  • American Indian or Alaska Native adults are 50 percent more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic Whites.
Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are overweight but not obese, 2014. (Persons are considered overweight if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 or greater.) National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
31.2
34.1
0.9

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-15
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are obese, 2014. (Persons are considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.)

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
42.3
27.4
1.5

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-15
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

CHILDREN

Percent of children age 2-17 for whom a doctor or other health provider ever gave advice about amount and kind of physical activity, United States, 2009

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
36.8
35.2
1.0

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_10_1_6.2a and 2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Percent of children age 2-17 for whom a doctor or other health provider ever gave advice about eating healthy, United States, 2009

American Indian/Alaska Native
Non-Hispanic White
American Indian/Alaska Native/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
42.1
49.0
0.9

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 2_10_1_8.2a and 2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

ADOLESCENTS

Percentage of high school students who were overweight, 2013

 
American Indian/Alaska Native
White
American Indian/Alaska Native/ White Ratio
Total
22.8
15.6
1.5

Source: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 05/25/2016]

Percentage of high school students who were obese, 2013

 
American Indian/Alaska Native
White
American Indian/Alaska Native/ White Ratio
Total
9.1
13.1
0.7

Source: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 05/25/2016]

 

HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY

  • More than 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.2
  • People who are overweight are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure, high levels of blood fats, and LDL cholesterol ("a fatlike substance") -- all risk factors for heart disease and stroke.2
  • American Indian or Alaska Native adults are 30 percent less likely than white adults to engage in regular leisure-time physical activity.

 

Physical Activity:

Percentage Inactive physical activity among adults 18 & over: 2014 (Did not meet federal physical activity guidelines)

American Indian
Non-Hispanic White
African American/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
51.6
43.4
1.2

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage Some Leisure Time Physical Activity Among Adults 18 & over: 2014 (Met aerobic guidelines only)

American Indian
Non-Hispanic White
African American/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
20.1
29.9
0.7

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

Percentage Regular Leisure Physical Activity Among Adults 18 & over: 2014 (Met federal physical activity guidelines)

American Indian
Non-Hispanic White
African American/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
24.0
23.6
1.0

Source: CDC 2016. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2014. Table A-14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

 

At a Glace – Risk Factors:

Obesity is a risk factor several diseases. For statistics on these related diseases see:

Diabetes –See Diabetes and American Indians/Native Americans

Heart Disease –See Heart Disease and American Indians/Native Americans

Stroke –See Stroke and American Indians/Native Americans

Last Modified: 6/13/2016 4:45:00 PM