African American Profile
(Map of the US with the top 10 states displaying the
largest African American population according to the Census Bureau)
Educational Attainment: In 2010, as compared to Whites 25 years and over, a lower percentage of Blacks had earned at least a high school diploma (82 percent and 91 percent, respectively). More Black women than Black men had earned at least a bachelor's degree (19.8 percent compared with 15.7 percent), while among non-Hispanic Whites, a higher proportion of men than women had earned at least a bachelor's degree (32 percent and 31 percent, respectively).
Economics: According to the 2010 Census Bureau report, the average African-American family median income was $39,988 in comparison to $67,892 for non-Hispanic White families. In 2010, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 27.1 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 10.6 percent of non-Hispanic Whites were living at the poverty level. For 2011, the unemployment rate for Blacks was twice that for non-Hispanic Whites (15.8 percent and 7.9 percent, respectively). This finding was consistent for both men and women.
Insurance Coverage: In 2010, 44 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 62 non-Hispanic Whites used employer-sponsored health insurance. Also in 2010, 28 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 11 percent of non-Hispanic Whites relied on Medicaid, public health insurance. Finally, 20.8 percent of African-Americans in comparison to 11.7 percent of non-Hispanic whites were uninsured.
Full Census Reports:
The Black Population: 2010 [PDF | 2.9MB]
The American Community Survey - Blacks: 2004 [PDF | 915KB]
Health Conditions: In 2009, the death rate for African Americans was higher than Whites for heart diseases, stroke, cancer, asthma, influenza and pneumonia, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and homicide.
Quick Facts - See the following links for detailed statistics on specific health conditions:
All Topics A-Z
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