HIV/AIDS has had a devastating impact on minorities in the United States. Racial and ethnic minorities accounted for 70 percent of the newly diagnosed cases of HIV infection in 2011. In 2011, 82 percent of children born with HIV infection belong to minority groups.
In the African American community, HIV infections has become an epidemic. African Americans accounted for 44% of all HIV infections cases diagnosed in 2011. African American men are 7 times more likely to die of AIDS than non-Hispanic White men. African American women are particularly struck by this disease, and are 15 times more likely to die from HIV, as compared to non-Hispanic White women. AIDS is the fourth leading cause of death in African American women aged 35-44 and the fourth leading cause of death in African American men, aged 45-54, in 2010.
HIV/AIDS is spreading at a rapid rate in the Hispanic community. Hispanics accounted for 20 percent of AIDS cases in 2011, despite making up only 17 percent of the U.S. population. Hispanics are twice as likely to be diagnosed with AIDS than Whites. Hispanic males were also twice as likely to die of AIDS than their non-Hispanic White counterparts, and Hispanic women were 2.2 times more likely to die from AIDS.
Though the numbers are small, American Indians are also impacted disproportionately by HIV/AIDS. American Indians are 1.5 times as likely to have AIDS than Whites.
For Asians and Pacific Islanders, HIV/AIDS is the ninth leading cause of death in men aged 25 to 34. Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are 2.2 times as likely to be diagnosed with HIV infections as the White population.
- African American males have 7.8 times the AIDS rate as White males.
- African American women have 20 times the HIV rate as White women.
- American Indian/Alaska Native women have almost three times the AIDS rate as non-Hispanic white women.
- Hispanic females have 4 times the AIDS rate as non-Hispanic white females.
- Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islanders are 2.2 times as likely to be diagnosed with AIDS as the White population.