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HIV/AIDS and African Americans

Although African Americans are only 13% of the U.S. population, they account for 44% of HIV infection cases in 2010.

  • African American males have almost 7.8 times the AIDS rate as white males.
  • African American females have 23 times the AIDS rate as white females.
  • African American men are 7 times as likely to die from HIV/AIDS as Non-Hispanic White men.
  • African American women are 15 times as likely to die from HIV/AIDS as Non-Hispanic White women.
  • African American children are twice as likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the White children.
  • In 2011, African Americans were 8.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the White population.

At a glance – HIV Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

African American/
White Ratio

African American males

16,447

112.8

7.8

White males

12,041

14.5

 

 

African American females

6,595

40.0

20.0

White females

1,776

2.0

 

 

African American (both sexes)

23,168

60.4

8.6

White (both sexes)

13,846

7.0

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

African American

125

1.7

White

29

0.1

Total Population

192

0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

#Cases

% of total cases

African American

23,168

47%

White

13,846

28%

Total Population

49,273

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2010

 

#Cases

% of total cases

African American

383,353

44%

White

295,463

34%

Total Population

872,990

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases by Transmission (Adults):

Estimated number of male adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010, by transmission category

Transmission

# of African American
Cases

% of African American Cases

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Male-to-male sexual contact

134,746

55%

205,195

81%

Injection drug use

45,764

19%

16,444

6%

Heterosexual contact

46,749

19%

9,299

4%

Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use

16,807

7%

21,689

9%

Other

834

0.3%

1,729

0.7%

Estimated Total

247,227

 

254,874

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of female adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010 by transmission category

Transmission

# of African American Cases

% of African American Cases

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Heterosexual contact

100,625

75%

25,762

64%

Injection drug use

30,042

22%

13,382

33%

Other

906

0.7%

586

1%

Estimated Total

134,171

 

40,270

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

African American/
White Ratio

African American males

10,635

72.9

8.5

White males

7,101

8.6

 

 

African American females

5,311

32.2

23.0

White females

1,202

1.4

 

 

African American (both sexes)

15,958

41.6

9.9

White (both sexes)

8,304

4.2

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

Commulative # Cases

# Cases

Rate

African American

5,761

12

0.2

White

1,596

1

0.0

Total Population

9,521

15

0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

Cumulative # cases

# Cases

% of total cases

African American

486,282

15,958

50%

White

435,613

8,304

26%

Total Population

1,155,792

32,052

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 population (2010)

 

African Americans

Non-Hispanic White

African American/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All ages, Men

16.5

2.3

7.2

All ages, Women

7.5

0.5

15.0

 

Age 25-44, Men

17.1

2.5

6.8

Age 25-44, Women

10.3

0.7

14.7

 

Age 45-64, Men

39.8

5.6

7.1

Age 45-64, Women

16.3

1.0

16.3

Source: CDC 2013. Health, United States 2012. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2012/031.pdf [PDF | 99.69KB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Deaths:

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2010

 

Rate

Cumulative # Deaths

# Deaths

% of total cases

African Americans

20.2

260,821

7,678

49%

White

2.4

265,052

4,668

30%

Total Population

5.0

636,048

15,529

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

At a glance – HIV Testing:

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Ever tested

53.4

33.6

1.6

Never tested

46.6

66.4

0.7

Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 41.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]


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