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Infant Mortality and African Americans

African Americans have 2.3 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites. They are almost four times as likely to die as infants due to complications related to low birthweight as compared to non-Hispanic white infants.
  • African Americans had twice the sudden infant death syndrome mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites, in 2009.
  • African American mothers were 2.3 times more likely than non-Hispanic white mothers to begin prenatal care in the 3rd trimester, or not receive prenatal care at all.
  • The infant mortality rate for African American mothers with over 13 years of education was almost three times that of Non-Hispanic White mothers in 2005.

At a glance – Infant Mortality Rate:

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

All Races

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

12.4

5.3

6.4

2.3

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table A.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

At a glance – Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for African Americans, 2009. (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# African
American
Deaths

African
American
Death
Rate

#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths

Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate

African
American/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio

(1) Low-Birthweight

1,734

284.5

1,629

73.6

3.9

(2) Congenital malformations

960

157.5

2,638

119.2

1.3

(3) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

614

100.7

1,213

54.8

1.8

(4) Maternal Complications

515

84.5

682

30.8

2.7

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

 

 

At a glance – Prenatal Care:

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care starting in the 1st trimester, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

80.9

85,7

0.9

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 10
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table10.pdf [PDF | 54KB]

 

Percentage of live births in which mother received prenatal care starting in the 3rd trimester or did not receive prenatal care at all, 2008*

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

11.6

5.0

2.3

Source:  CDC 2012.  Health United States, 2011.  Table 5
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

At a glance – Characteristics of Mother:

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

6.9

22.0

0.3

Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 11
http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table11.pdf [PDF | 56KB]

 

Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, with less than 12 years of education, 2005*

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

14.8

9.3

1.6

Source:  CDC 2009.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

 

Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, with over 13 years education, 2005*

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

11.4

4.1

2.8

Source:  CDC 2009.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

 

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

Age of mother

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Under 20 years

12.6

8.9

1.4

20-24 years

12.5

6.6

1.9

25-29 years

12.0

4.7

2.6

30-34 years

11.8

4.1

2.9

35-39 years

13.3

4.7

2.8

40-54 years

14.3

6.3

2.3

Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

* More Recent data is not available from the CDC at this time.

 


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Content Last Modified: 7/29/2013 9:35:00 AM
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