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HIV/AIDS and Asian Americans

  • Asian Americans have slightly lower AIDS rates than their white counterparts and they are less likely to die of HIV/AIDS.
  • The total number of reported AIDS cases has generally declined over the past five years for the White population, however it has increased for Asian Americans.
  • Asian American women are 20 percent more likely to be diagnosed with HIV than White women.

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

Asian American/
White Ratio

Asian males

821

13.8

1.0

White males

12,041

14.5

 

 

Asian females

153

2.3

1.2

White females

1,776

2.0

 

 

Asian (both sexes)

982

6.5

0.9

White (both sexes)

13,846

7.0

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011 (United States)

 

# Cases

Rate

Asian

8

0.3

White

29

0.1

Total Population

192

0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

# Cases

% of total cases

Asian

982

2%

White

13,846

28%

Total Population

49,273

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2010

 

# Cases

% of total cases

Asian

9,689

1.0%

White

295,463

34%

Total Population

872,990

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases by Transmission (Adults):

Estimated % of male adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection at the end of 2010 by transmission category

Transmission

# Asian Cases

% of Asian Cases

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Male-to-male sexual contact

6,443

81%

205,195

81%

Heterosexual contact

703

9%

9,299

4%

Injection drug use

349

4%

16,444

6%

Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use

328

4%

21,689

9%

Other

74

0.9%

1,729

0.7%

Estimated Total

7,917

 

254,874

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated % of female adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection at the end of 2010 by transmission category

Transmission

# Asian Cases

% of Asian Cases

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Heterosexual contact

1,491

86%

25,762

64%

Injection drug use

152

9%

13,382

33%

Other

71

4%

586

1%

Estimated Total

1,729

 

40,270

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults):

Estimated number of cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate(per 100,000)

Asian/White Ratio

Asian males

405

6.8

0.8

White males

7,101

8.6

 

 

Asian females

86

1.3

0.9

White females

1,202

1.4

 

 

Asian (both sexes)

492

3.3

0.8

White (both sexes)

8,304

4.2

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Children <13 years old):

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

Cummulative # Cases

# Cases

Rate (per 100,000 population)

Asian

47

0

0.0

White

1,596

1

0.0

Total Population

9,521

15

0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

Cumulative # Cases

# Cases

% of total cases

Asian

9,054

492

1.5%

White

435,613

8,304

26%

Total Population

1,155,792

32,052

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 population (2010)

 

Asian/Pacific
Islander

Non-Hispanic
White

Asian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All ages, Men
(age-adjusted)

0.7

2.3

0.3

All ages, Women
(age-adjusted)

--

0.5

--

 

Age 25-44, Men

--

2.5

--

Age 25-44, Women

--

0.7

--

 

Age 45-64, Men

1.9

5.6

0.3

Age 45-64, Women

--

1.0

--

Source: CDC 2013. Health, United States 2012. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/2012/031.pdf [PDF | 99.69MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Deaths:

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2010

 

Rate

Cumulative # Deaths

# Deaths

% of total cases

Asian

0.4

3,196

59

0.4%

White

2.4

265,052

4,668

30%

Total Population

5.0

636,048

15,529

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Testing:

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

 

Asian

Non-Hispanic White

Asian/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Ever tested

30.2

33.6

0.9

Never tested

69.8

66.4

1.1

Source: CDC 2013. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 41.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]


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