Age 40 and older
Family history of glaucoma
Damage to eye
During Glaucoma Awareness Month, the nation focuses on an eye disease affecting nearly 3 million Americans. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eye rises above the regular level. The rise in pressure is caused by decreased drainage out of the eye. As the pressure rises, the optic nerve and other nerve tissue in the eye is damaged. Glaucoma usually starts without any symptoms and is usually noticed after there is some loss of side vision. Regular eye exams, knowing the risk factors and early treatment are all advised to prevent vision loss.
To catch the early symptoms of glaucoma, Mayo Clinic recommends an eye check-up by an ophthalmologist or a physician eye specialist every two to three years for people who are 40 or older. A yearly check-up is recommended for those who have a family history of glaucoma.
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