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Cancer and African Americans

African Americans have the highest mortality rate of any racial and ethnic group for all cancers combined and for most major cancers. Death rates for all major causes of death are higher for African Americans than for whites, contributing in part to a lower life expectancy for both African American men and African American women.

  • In 2009, African American men were 1.3 times and 1.6 times, respectively, more likely to have new cases of lung and prostate cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American men were 1.7 times as likely to have new cases of stomach cancer as non-Hispanic white men.
  • African Americans men had lower 5-year cancer survival rates for lung, colon and pancreatic cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American men are 2.5 times as likely to die from prostate cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic white men.
  • In 2009, African American women were 10% less likely to have been diagnosed with breast cancer, however, they were almost 40% more likely to die from breast cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic white women.
  • African American women are 2.4 times as likely to have been diagnosed with stomach cancer, and they are 2.5 times as likely to die from stomach cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic white women.

At a glance – New Cases:

New Cancer Cases per 100,000 – Men (2009)

Cancer

African
American
Men

Non-Hispanic
White Men

African
American/Non-
HispanicWhite
Ratio

All Sites

604.5

537.1

1.1

Colon and Rectum

60.4

47.0

1.3

Lung

91.5

68.4

1.3

Pancreas

18.2

13.9

1.3

Prostate

229.0

145.0

1.6

Stomach

15.1

8.7

1.7

 


New Cancer Cases per 100,000 - Women (2009)


Cancer

African
American
Women

Non-Hispanic
White Women

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White
Ratio

All Sites

408.3

439.8

0.9

Breast

126.0

138.0

0.9

Cervical

7.9

6.5

1.2

Colon and Rectum

49.7

36.8

1.4

Pancreas

14.4

11.0

1.3

Stomach

8.8

3.7

2.4

Source:  CDC, 2013 Health United States, 2012. Table 42.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]


At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer

African
American
Men

Non-Hispanic
White Men

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White
Ratio

All Sites

610.4

558.9

1.1

Colon & Rectum

64.3

52.1

1.2

Esophagus

8.4

8.4

1.0

Kidney & Renal Pelvis

24.1

21.7

1.1

Liver & IBD

15.1

9.1

1.7

Lung & Bronchus

95.8

79.1

1.2

Oral Cavity & Pharynx

14.9

18.0

0.8

Pancreas

17.6

14.0

1.3

Prostate

228.5

148.2

1.5

Stomach

16.1

8.3

1.9

 

At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer

African
American
Women

Non-Hispanic
White Women

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White
Ratio

All Sites

397.5

441.2

0.9

Breast

121.4

133.4

0.9

Cervical

9.6

7.2

1.3

Colon & Rectum

49.2

39.3

1.3

Kidney

12.3

10.9

1.1

Liver & IBD

4.5

3.0

1.5

Lung & Bronchus

52.2

58.7

0.9

Pancreas

14.3

10.7

1.3

Stomach

8.7

3.8

2.3

Source:  NCI 2013.  Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010.  Tables 2.15 through 24.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2010/sections.html


At a glance – 5 Year Survival Rate:

Percent of Patients, Men (2002-2008)

Cancer

African American
Men

White Men

African
American/
White Ratio

All Sites

63.6

69.7

0.9

Colon

53.4

66.9

0.8

Lung

12.6

15.2

0.8

Pancreas

4.5

5.9

0.8

Prostate

97.7

99.9

1.0

Stomach

22.8

24.9

0.9

 


Percent of Patients – Women (2001-2008)


Cancer

African American
Women

White Women

African
American/White Ratio

All Sites

55.8

68.0

0.8

Breast

78.0

91.7

0.9

Cervical

61.1

70.2

0.9

Colon

56.9

65.6

0.9

Pancreas

5.0

6.5

0.8

Source:  CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 43
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]


At a glance – Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2006-2010)

Cancer

African American
Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

276.6

217.3

1.3

Colon & Rectum

28.7

19.2

1.5

Lung

78.5

65.7

1.2

Pancreas

15.3

12.7

1.2

Prostate

50.9

21.3

2.4

Stomach

9.8

3.9

2.5

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2006-2010)

Cancer

African American
Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

African American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

171.2

153.6

1.1

Breast

30.8

22.7

1.4

Cervical

4.2

2.1

2.0

Colon and Rectum

19.0

13.6

1.4

Pancreas

12.5

9.5

1.3

Stomach

4.7

1.9

2.5

Source:  NCI 2013.  Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010.  Table 1.21.
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2010/sections.html [PDF | 24KB]

 

At a Glance – Screening:

Breast Cancer

Percent of women age 40 and over who had a mammogram within the past 2 years, 2010 (crude)

Non-Hispanic Black Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

67.4

67.8

1.0

Source:   CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 82.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

Cervical Cancer

Percent of women age 18 and over who had a Pap smear within the past 3 years, 2010 (crude)

Non-Hispanic Black Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

77.4

72.8

1.1

Source:   CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 83.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

Colon Cancer

Adults age 50 and over who reported they ever had a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or proctoscopy, United States, 2008

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

50.4

58.4

0.9

Source:   2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 1_3_2.2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 9/11/2013 2:43:00 PM
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