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Cancer and American Indians/Alaska Natives

American Indian/Alaska Native men and women generally have lower cancer rates than the non-Hispanic white population. However, disparities still exist in certain types of cancer.

  • From 2006-2010, American Indian/Alaska Native men were twice as likely to have liver & IBD cancer as non-Hispanic White men.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native men are 1.6 times as likely to have stomach cancer as non-Hispanic White men, and are over twice as likely to die from the same disease.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native women are 2.6 times more likely to have, and twice as likely to die from, liver & IBD cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic White women.
  • American Indian/Alaska Native women are 40% more likely to have kidney/renal pelvis cancer as non-Hispanic White women.

At a glance - New Cases:

New Cancer Cases per 100,000 - Men (2009)

Cancer

American
Indian Men

Non-Hispanic
White Men

American
Indian/Non-
Hispanic White
Ratio

All Sites

429.2

537.1

0.8

Colon And Rectum

63.1

47.0

1.3

Lung

58.0

68.4

0.6

Prostate

71.4

147.6

0.5

 

New Cancer Cases per 100,000 – Women (2009)

Cancer

American
Indian Women

Non-Hispanic
White Women

American
Indian/Non-
Hispanic White
Ratio

All Sites

361.0

439.8

0.8

Breast

99.6

138.0

0.7

Colon and Rectum

43.5

36.8

1.2

Source:  CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 42.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]


At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for American Indians (2006-2010):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer

American Indian Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

American Indian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

351.3

558.9

0.6

Kidney & Renal Pelvis

24.8

21.7

1.1

Liver & IBD*

20.6

9.1

2.3

Stomach

13.1

8.3

1.6

Colon & Rectum

44.1

52.1

0.8

Esophagus

6.1

8.4

0.7

Lung & Bronchus

51.2

79.1

0.6

Oral Cavity & Pharynx

11.1

18.0

0.6

Pancreas

11.4

14.0

0.8

Prostate

77.8

148.2

0.5

 

At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for American Indians (2006-2010):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer

American
Indian Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

American Indian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

306.5

441.2

0.7

Kidney & Renal Pelvis

15.6

10.9

1.4

Liver & IBD*

7.7

3.0

2.6

Stomach

7.7

3.8

2.0

Breast

77.1

133.4

0.6

Cervical

7.3

7.2

1.0

Colon & Rectum

36.6

39.3

0.9

Esophagus

2.4

1.9

1.3

Lung & Bronchus

35.7

58.7

0.6

Oral Cavity & Pharynx

4.3

6.7

0.6

Pancreas

10.5

10.7

1.0

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct
Source:  NCI 2013.  Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010.  Tables 2.15 through 24.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2010/sections.html

 

At a glance – 5 Year Survival Rate:
Not available at this time.


At a glance – Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2006-2010)

Cancer

American
Indian Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

American Indian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

191.0

217.3

0.9

Kidney & Renal Pelvis

9.5

5.9

1.6

Liver & IBD*

13.2

7.1

1.9

Stomach

8.1

3.9

2.1

Lung

49.6

65.7

0.8

 

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 - Women (2006-2010)

Cancer

American
Indian Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

American Indian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

139.0

153.6

0.9

Cervical

3.5

2.1

1.7

Kidney & Renal Pelvis

4.4

2.6

1.7

Liver & IBD*

6.1

2.9

2.1

Stomach

3.8

1.9

2.0

Breast

15.5

22.7

0.7

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct
Source:  NCI 2013.  Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010.  Table 1.21.
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2010/sections.html [PDF | 24KB]

 

At a Glance – Screening:

Breast Cancer

Percent of women age 40 and over who had a mammogram within the past 2 years, 2010 (crude)

American Indian/Alaska Native Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

American Indian/Alaska Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

71.2

67.8

1.1

Source:  CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 82.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

Cervical Cancer

Percent of women age 18 and over who had a Pap smear within the past 3 years, 2010 (crude)

American Indian/Alaska Native Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

American Indian/Alaska Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

73.4

72.8

1.0

Source:  CDC, 2013. Health United States, 2012. Table 83.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

Colon Cancer

Adults age 50 and over who reported they ever had a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or proctoscopy, United States, 2008

American Indian/Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

35.3

58.4

0.6

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 1_3_2.2a & 1_3_2.2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr12/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 9/11/2013 4:22:00 PM
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