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Diabetes and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Asian Americans are 10 percent less likely than non-Hispanic Whites to die from diabetes, however they have additional risk factors.

  • Asian Americans are 20 percent more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • Asians are 10% less likely than non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes.
  • In 2009, Asian Americans were 20 percent less likely than non-Hispanic Whites to have an annual foot examination.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

National Health Interview Survey, NHIS

Age-adjusted percentages of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2011

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asians / White Ratio

8.8

7.3

1.2

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011.  Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.1MB]

 

BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys

Age-adjusted percentage of adults (men and women) diagnosed with diabetes, 2001-2002

Population

% diagnosed
with diabetes

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

7.8

1.1

U.S. General Public

7.0

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

5.1

0.7

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

5.3

0.8

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

Age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes per 100 population (2011)

 

Asian American

White

Asian American/White Ratio

Men

7.8

6.5

1.2

Women

5.5

5.4

1.0

Total

6.5

5.9

1.1

Source:  CDC 2013. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/prev/national/menuage.htm

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Death Rates per 100,000 (2010)

 

Asian American/Pacific Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

Asian American/Pacific Islanders/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Male

18.0

22.3

0.8

Female

13.6

14.9

0.9

Total

15.5

18.2

0.9

Source: CDC, 2013. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 61, Num 4 Table 17 and Table 16.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2009

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asians / White Ratio

50.5

60.1

0.8

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_5-2b and 2a.
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2009

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asians / White Ratio

56.4

66.6

0.8

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_4-2b and 2a..
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2009

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asians / White Ratio

52.8

61.3

0.9

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_3-2b and 2a..
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys

Age-adjusted percentage of diabetics (men and women) who had received an influenza immunization in the past year, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% Received
Influenza
Vaccination

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

75.2

1.1

U.S. General Public

66.4

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

77.2

1.2

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

82.5

1.2

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of diabetics who had a foot exam, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% received foot
exam

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

57.9

0.9

U.S. General Public

65.6

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

59.5

0.9

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

46.0

0.7

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of diabetics who had an eye exam, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% received eye exam

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

52.2

0.9

U.S. General Public

61.4

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

65.3

1.1

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

69.5

1.1

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]


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