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HIV/AIDS and Hispanic Americans

  • Hispanic Americans accounted for 20% of all HIV infection cases in 2011.
  • Hispanic males are 3 times as likely to have either HIV infection or AIDS as compared to white males.
  • Hispanic females are 4 times as likely to have AIDS in 2011 as White females.
  • Hispanic men are 2.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic White men to die of HIV/AIDS.
  • Hispanic women are twice as likely as non-Hispanic white women to die of HIV.
  • In 2011, Hispanic females were 4 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to White females.

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children):

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV, 2010 (United States)

 

# Cases

Rate

Hispanic/
White Ratio

Hispanic males

8,605

43.4

3.0

White males

12,041

14.5

 

 

Hispanic females

1,530

7.9

4.0

White females

1,776

2.0

 

 

Hispanic (both sexes)

10,159

19.5

2.8

White (both sexes)

13,846

7.0

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate

Hispanic

25

0.2

White

29

0.1

Total Population

192

0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of cases of HIV infection by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

# Cases

% of total cases

Hispanic

10,159

21%

White

13,846

28%

Total Population

49,273

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of persons living with HIV infection by year, 2010

 

# Cases

% of total cases

Hispanic

165,159

19%

White

295,463

34%

Total Population

872,990

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Infection Cases by Transmission (Adults):

Estimated number of male adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010, by transmission category

Transmission

# Hispanic Cases

% of Hispanic Cases

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Male-to-male sexual contact

84,758

66%

205,195

81%

Injection drug use

22,168

17%

16,444

6%

Heterosexual contact

12,546

10%

9,299

4%

Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use

8,320

6%

21,689

9%

Other

407

0.3%

1,729

0.7%

Estimated Total

129,069

 

254,874

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

Estimated number of female adults or adolescents (>13 years) living with HIV infection year-end 2010 by transmission category

Transmission

# Hispanic Cases

% of Hispanic Cases

# of White Cases

% of White Cases

Heterosexual contact

25,341

71%

25,762

64%

Injection drug use

9,069

25%

13,382

33%

Other

290

0.8%

586

1%

Estimated Total

35,585

 

40,270

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cases

Rate(per 100,000)

Hispanic/White Ratio

Hispanic males

5,223

26.3

3.1

White males

7,101

8.6

 

 

Hispanic females

1,130

5.9

4.2

White females

1,202

1.4

 

 

Hispanic (both sexes)

6,355

12.2

2.9

White (both sexes)

8,304

4.2

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases and Rates (Children <13 years)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

 

# Cummulative Cases

# Cases

Rate (per 100,000 population)

Hispanic

1,932

2

0.0

White

1,596

1

0.0

Total Population

9,521

15

0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis, 2011

 

Cumulative # Cases

# Cases

% of total 2008 cases

Hispanic

202,182

6,355

20%

White

435,613

8,304

26%

Total Population

1,155,792

32,052

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 population (2010)

 

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All ages, Men

4.6

2.3

2.0

All ages, Women
(age-adjusted)

1.1

0.5

2.2

 

Age 25-44, Men

4.1

2.5

1.6

Age 25-44, Women

1.2

0.7

1.7

 

Age 45-64, Men

11.5

5.6

2.1

Age 45-64, Women

2.5

1.0

2.5

Source: CDC 2013. Health, United States 2011. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2012/031.pdf [PDF | 99.69KB]

 

At a glance – AIDS Deaths:

Estimated number of deaths, and death rates, of persons with AIDS by year of death, 2010

 

Rate

Cumulative # Deaths

# Deaths

% of total cases

Hispanic

4.7

96,230

2,370

15%

White

2.4

265,052

4,668

30%

Total Population

5.0

636,048

15,529

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

 

At a glance – HIV Testing:

Age-adjusted percent of HIV testing status among persons 18 years of age and over, 2011

 

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Ever tested

37.0

33.6

1.1

Never tested

63.0

66.4

0.9

Source: CDC 2013. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 41.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF |3.12MB]


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