Skip Navigation

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
OMH Logo US Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health The Office of Minority Health 1-800-444-6472
OMH Home | En Español
About OMH
Disparities Efforts
Our Services
Offices of Minority Health
Campaigns/Initiatives
Press Releases
Calendar
Employment
Publications
Federal Clearinghouses
Research
Performance/Evaluation
Search Library Catalog
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) Home

We're in!

We support health equity for all Americans.

National Partnership for Action logo

Office of Minority Health on Twitter

FYI ... Money & MoreFYI ...
Money & More

Join Our Mailing ListKeep Informed!
Join Our Mailing List

Image of a person asking a questionNeed Help?
Contact Us

HIV/AIDS Prevention
Bilingual Glossary
(English / Spanish)





HIV/AIDS Awareness Days


Stroke and African Americans

African American adults are 60 percent more likely to have a stroke than their White adult counterparts. Further, men are 60% more likely to die from a stroke than their White adult counterparts. Analysis from a CDC health interview survey also reveals that African American stroke survivors are more likely to become disabled and have difficulty with activities of daily living than their non-Hispanic White counterparts.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Stroke:

Age-adjusted percentages of stroke among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010

 

African American

White

African American/
White Ratio

Men and Women

3.9

2.5

1.6

Men

4.0

2.7

1.5

Women

3.9

2.3

1.7

Source:  CDC 2011.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Stroke Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

61.6

38.1

1.6

Women

51.2

37.0

1.4

Total

55.7

37.8

1.5

Source: CDC, 2012. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 60, No. 3 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]

 

Special Section – Stroke Related Disability

NHIS data from 2000-2001 was analyzed to examine stroke-related disability. Other races/ethnicities were excluded from the analysis due to the small sample size.

Age-adjusted percentage of stroke survivors, aged 18 years and over who report difficulty in performing activities, 2000-2001

Limitation of Activity

African
Americans

Non-Hispanic
White

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White
Ratio

Walk ¼ of a mile (3 city blocks)

45.1

36.5

1.2

Walk up 10 steps without resting

42.4

28.6

1.5

Stand or be on your feet for 2 hours

50.2

41.1

1.2

Sit for about 2 hours

16.4

10.7

1.5

Stoop, bend or kneel

44.8

37.7

1.2

Reach up over your head

21.6

14.7

1.5

Use your fingers to grasp or handle small objects

18.2

11.1

1.6

Lift or carry something as heavy as 10 pounds (e.g. grocery bag)

40.6

24.6

1.7

Push or pull large objects like a living room chair

45.2

32.5

1.4

Go out to things like shopping, movies, or sporting events

30.1

20.0

1.5

Participate in social activities like visiting friends

23.8

16.2

1.5

Do things to relax at home (reading, watching TV, sewing)

9.6

5.4

1.8

Source: CDC 2005. Differences in Disability Among Black and White Stroke Survivors – United States, 2000-2001. MMWR 54(1): 3-6.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5401a2.htm

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to stroke. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and African Americans

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and African Americans

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and African Americans

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and African Americans


You will need Adobe Acrobat® Reader™ to view PDF files located on this site. If you do not already have Adobe Acrobat® Reader™, you can download here for free. Exit Disclaimer



Content Last Modified: 9/5/2012 2:26:00 PM
OMH Home  |  HHS Home  |  USA.gov  |  Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  HHS FOIA  |  Accessibility  |  Plain Writing Act  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us  |  Viewers & Players

Office of Minority Health
Toll Free: 1-800-444-6472 / Fax: 301-251-2160
Email: info@minorityhealth.hhs.gov

Provide Feedback