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Organ Donation and American Indians/Alaska Natives

Although American Indians and Alaska Natives account for 1% of patients on the organ transplant waiting list, they suffer from disproportionately high rates of diabetes and heart related diseases. Alcoholism is also prevalent among American Indians/Alaska Natives, and in turn they face higher rates of cirrhosis and other liver diseases. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on American Indians/Alaska Natives in 2012 was 14 percent of the number of American Indians/Alaska Natives currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on White Americans was 27% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 1% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are American Indian/Alaska Native, they comprised 0.6% of organ donors in 2012.
  • More than half of the organs recovered from American Indian/Alaska Natives came from living donors.
  • American Indian/Alaska Natives are more likely to develop a case of Hepatitis C, as compared to the White population, a cause of liver failure.
U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ

# of AI/AN candidates

AI/AN % of all candidates

# of White candidates

White % of all candidates

All Organs

1,190

1%

51,250

43.9%

Kidney

1,073

1.1%

35,917

37.8%

Liver

92

0.6%

10,997

69.7%

Heart

8

0.2%

2,279

67.7%

Lung

9

0.6%

1,325

81.3%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity

 

2012

% of total 2012 transplants

AI/AN

166

0.7%

White

13,965

59.8%

Total Transplants

23,362

100%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2012

Donor Type

# of AI/AN donors

AI/AN % of all donors

# of White donors

White % of all donors

Living

39

0.8%

3,450

70.6%

Deceased

27

0.4%

4,480

66.1%

Total

66

0.6%

7,930

68.0%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here



Content Last Modified: 2/12/2013 11:46:00 AM
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