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Organ Donation and Hispanic Americans

Hispanic Americans have high rates of diabetes and heart disease. Mexican Americans in particular suffer disproportionately from obesity, which contributes to diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures. Language barriers also negatively affect their access to health care as well as adequate health information. In 2011, Hispanics made up 17 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Hispanic Americans in 2012 was about 15% of the number of Hispanic Americans currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on White Americans was 27% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 18% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Hispanic American, they comprised 13.1% of organ donors in 2012.
  • More than half the organs recovered from Hispanic American patients in 2012 were from deceased donors.
  • Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the White population, and they are almost twice as likely to die from chronic liver disease as compared to the non-Hispanic White population.
U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ

# of Hispanic candidates

Hispanic % of all candidates

# of White candidates

White % of all candidates

All Organs

21,375

18.3%

51,250

43.9%

Kidney

18,210

19.2%

35,917

37.8%

Liver

2,750

17.4%

10,997

69.7%

Heart

275

8.2%

2,279

67.7%

Lung

103

6.3%

1,325

81.3%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity

 

2012

% of total 2012 transplants

Hispanic

3,266

14.0%

White

13,965

59.8%

Total Transplants

23,362

100%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2012

Donor Type

# of Hispanic donors

Hispanic % of all donors

# of White donors

White % of all donors

Living

663

13.6%

3,450

70.6%

Deceased

871

12.9%

4,480

66.1%

Total

1,534

13.1%

7,930

68.0%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here



Content Last Modified: 2/12/2013 11:23:00 AM
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