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Organ Donation and Pacific Islanders

Because data is limited, Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders are often categorized simply as Asian Americans, which often fails to acknowledge the health disparities that exist within this general term. In 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders made up 0.4 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Pacific Islanders in 2012 was 10.5%, of the number of Pacific Islanders currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on White Americans was 27% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 0.5% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Pacific Islander, they comprised 0.2% of organ donors in 2012.
  • The number of organs recovered in 2012 from deceased Pacific Islander donors was almost twice the number of living Pacific Islander donors.
  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiians are more likely than Whites living in Hawaii to be diagnosed with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders have higher obesity rates, and also are seven times more likely to be diagnosed with chronic liver disease, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures.
U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ

# of PI candidates

PI % of all candidates

# of White candidates

White % of all candidates

All Organs

576

0.5%

51,250

43.9%

Kidney

538

0.6%

35,917

37.8%

Liver

27

0.2%

10,997

69.7%

Heart

6

0.2%

2,279

67.7%

Lung

1

0.1%

1,325

81.3%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity

 

2012

% of total 2012 transplants

Pacific Islander

61

0.3%

White

13,965

59.8%

Total Transplants

23,362

100%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2012

Donor Type

# of PI donors

PI % of all donors

# of White donors

White % of all donors

Living

7

0.1%

3,450

70.6%

Deceased

17

0.3%

4,480

66.1%

Total

24

0.2%

7,930

68.0%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here



Content Last Modified: 2/12/2013 11:31:00 AM
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