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Organ Donation and Asian Americans

Diabetes and heart disease are less prevalent among Asian Americans than other minority groups. Even so, they suffer significantly from liver disease and hepatitis. These conditions are known to put the patient at risk for organ failures. In 2011, Asian Americans made up 5.8 percent of the national population.

  • The number of organ transplants performed on Asian Americans in 2012 was only 15% of the number of Asian Americans currently waiting for a transplant. The number of transplants performed on White Americans was 27% of the number currently waiting.
  • While 6.6% of the total candidates currently waiting for transplants are Asian American, they comprised 3% of organ donors in 2012.
  • The number of organs recovered from living Asian American donors was comparable to the number of organs from deceased Asian American donors in 2012.
U.S. Transplant Waiting List – Candidates by Race/Ethnicity

Organ

# of Asian American candidates

Asian American % of all candidates

# of White candidates

White % of all candidates

All Organs

7,701

6.6%

51,250

43.9%

Kidney

6,892

7.3%

35,917

37.8%

Liver

738

4.7%

10,997

69.7%

Heart

67

2.0%

2,279

67.7%

Lung

23

1.4%

1,325

81.3%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp*

 

Transplants Performed in the U.S. by Recipient Ethnicity

 

2012

% of total 2012 transplants

Asian American

1,132

4.8%

White

13,965

59.8%

Total Transplants

23,362

100%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

 

U.S. Organ Donors Recovered, 2012

Donor Type

# of Asian American donors

Asian American % of all donors

# of White donors

White % of all donors

Living

183 

3.7%

3,450

70.6%

Deceased

181

2.7%

4,480

66.1%

Total

364

3.1%

7,930

68.0%

Source:  HRSA U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Based on OPTN data as of January 18, 2013.
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/latestData/viewDataReports.asp

* OPTN data is updated monthly. The OMHRC data & statistics for this section will be updated biannually. For the most recent OPTN data, click here



Content Last Modified: 2/12/2013 10:54:00 AM
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