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Diabetes and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Asians, in general, have the same rate of diabetes as non-Hispanic whites.  However, there are differences within this population. 

  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiians have more than twice the rate of diabetes as Whites.
  • Asians are 10% less likely than non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes.
  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiians are 5.7 times as likely as Whites living in Hawaii to die from diabetes.
  • Filipinos living in Hawaii have more than 3 times the death rate as Whites living in Hawaii.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

National Health Interview Survey, NHIS

Age-adjusted percentages of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2010

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asians / White Ratio

9.1

7.6

1.2

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

 

BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys

Age-adjusted percentage of adults (men and women) diagnosed with diabetes, 2001-2002

Population

% diagnosed
with diabetes

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

7.8

1.1

U.S. General Public

7.0

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

5.1

0.7

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

5.3

0.8

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

Age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes per 100 population (2010)

 

Asian American

White

Asian American/White Ratio

Men

7.5

6.8

1.1

Women

5.5

5.4

1.0

Total

6.4

6.0

1.1

Source:  CDC 2013. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/prev/national/menuage.htm

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

 

Asian American/Pacific Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

Asian American/Pacific Islanders/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Male

18.3

22.7

0.8

Female

13.6

15.0

0.9

Total

15.7

18.4

0.9

Source: CDC, 2012. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 60, Num 3 Table 17 and Table 16.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

National Healthcare Quality Report
Data not available at this time.

 

BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys

Age-adjusted percentage of diabetics (men and women) who had received an influenza immunization in the past year, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% Received
Influenza
Vaccination

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

75.2

1.1

U.S. General Public

66.4

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

77.2

1.2

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

82.5

1.2

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of diabetics who had a foot exam, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% received foot
exam

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

57.9

0.9

U.S. General Public

65.6

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

59.5

0.9

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

46.0

0.7

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of diabetics who had an eye exam, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% received eye exam

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians/Pacific Islanders

52.2

0.9

U.S. General Public

61.4

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

65.3

1.1

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

69.5

1.1

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 358.8 KB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2008

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

American Indian/Alaska Native/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

73

67

1.1

Source:  CDC 2012.  Healthy People 2010 Database.  Table 05-14.
http://wonder.cdc.gov/data2010


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