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Diabetes and Hispanic Americans

According to national examination surveys, Hispanics are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.  They have higher rates of end-stage renal disease, caused by diabetes, and they are 50% more likely to die from diabetes as non-Hispanic whites.

  • Hispanic adults are 1.7 times more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
  • In 2008, Hispanics were 1.6 times as likely to start treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes, compared to non-Hispanic white men.
  • In 2010, Hispanics were 1.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic Whites to die from diabetes.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes:

Age-adjusted percentages of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2011 (National Health Interview Survey, NHIS)

Hispanics/Latinos

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

12.1

7.3

1.7

Source:  CDC 2012.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011.  Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [ PDF | 3.1MB]

 

At a glance – Prevalence Rate:

Age-adjusted percentage of diagnosed diabetes per 100 population (2011)

 

Hispanics/Latinos

White

Hispanic/ White
Ratio

Men

9.0

6.5

1.4

Women

9.3

5.4

1.7

Total

9.2

5.9

1.6

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/prev/national/menuage.htm

 

Age-adjusted percentage of visual impairment per 100 adults with diabetes (2011)

 

Hispanics/Latinos

White

Hispanic/ White
Ratio

Men and Women

15.6

17.1

0.9

Men

14.7

16.0

0.9

Women

16.3

18.3

0.9

Source:   Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/visual/fig5.htm

 

Rate of initiation of treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes per 100,000 diabetic population (2008)

 

Hispanics/Latinos

White

Hispanic/ White
Ratio

Men and Women

237.6

151.7

1.6

Men

271.8

170.7

1.6

Women

205.8

131.5

1.6

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/esrd/fig5.htm

Age-adjusted rate of hospitalization per 1,000 diabetic population
Not available at this time

Age-adjusted rate for lower extremity amputation per 1,000 diabetic population
Not available at this time

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Death Rates per 100,000 (2010)

 

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic
White Ratio

Male

31.2

22.3

1.4

Female

23.7

14.9

1.6

Total

27.1

18.2

1.5

Source: CDC, 2013. National Vital Statistic Report. Vol. 61, Num 4 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Hispanic Americans

Hypertension – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

High Cholesterol – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

Cigarette Smoking – See Heart Disease and Hispanic Americans

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2009. 

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

50.8

60.1

0.8

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_5-2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2009. 

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

58.0

66.6

0.9

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_4-2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2009. 

Hispanics

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

55.3

61.3

0.9

Source:  2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table T2_4_1_3-2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 4/25/2014 2:13:00 PM
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