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Asthma and Hispanic Americans

  • In 2011, about 3,600,000 Hispanics reported that they currently have asthma.
  • Puerto Rican Americans have twice the asthma rate as compared to the overall Hispanic population.
  • Hispanics are 30 percent more likely to visit the hospital for asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites..
  • Puerto Rican children are 3.2 times more likely to have asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • Hispanic children are 40 percent more likely to die from asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.

At a glance – Diagnosed:

Current asthma prevalence percentage, adults ages 18 and over, 2011

 

Population

Non-Hispanic White

Population / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Hispanic

7.3

8.4

0.9

Puerto Rican

16.7

8.4

2.0

Mexican

5.9

8.4

0.7

Source:  CDC 2013. National Health Interview Survey Data 2011. Table 4-1
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/2011/table4-1.htm

Percentage of asthma among persons 18 years of age and over, ever being told they had asthma, 2011

 

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men

8.1

11.5

0.7

Women

11.8

14.2

0.8

Both Sexes

10.0

12.9

0.8

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 4
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

Percent of current asthma prevalence, 2011

 

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men

4.1

6.5

0.6

Women

8.2

10.1

0.8

Both Sexes

6.1

8.3

0.7

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 4
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Deaths per 100,000, with asthma as the underlying cause, National Vital Statistics System, 2010

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

0.9

0.9

1.0

Source:  CDC 2013. Deaths: Final Data for 2010. Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3.47MB]

Rate of asthma deaths per 100,000 population, 2003

 

Population

Non-Hispanic White

Population / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Total Hispanic

1.3

1.1

1.2

Puerto Rican

4.4

1.1

4.0

Mexican

0.8

1.1

0.7

Source:  CDC 2006. Health E-Stats. Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use and Mortality: United States, 2003-05. Figure 7.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/asthma03-05/asthma03-05.htm

At a Glance – Treatment:

Estimated rate of emergency department visits with asthma as the first listed diagnosis per 10,000 population, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2009

Hispanic

White

Hispanic/White Ratio

13.3

6.4

2.1

Source: CDC 2012. National Surveillance for Asthma - United States, 2001-2010. Table 14
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_03/sr03_035.pdf [PDF | 910.46KB]

Hospital admissions rate for asthma, adults age 18 and over, United States, 2008

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

129.4

100.1

1.3

Source: 2011 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 8_3_2.3_2
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

People with current asthma who are now taking preventive medicine daily or almost daily, United States, 2008

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

24.5

28.0

0.9

Source: 2011 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 8_3_1.1_2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

At a Glance – Children:

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, ever being told they had asthma, 2011

 

Population

Non-Hispanic White

Population/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Hispanic

14.5

12.3

1.2

Mexican

12.7

12.3

1.0

Source: CDC, 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2011. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_254.pdf [PDF |1.34MB]

Age-adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, who currently have asthma, 2011

 

Population

Non-Hispanic White

Population/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Hispanic

9.8

7.8

1.3

Mexican

8.1

7.8

1.0

Source:  CDC, 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2011. Table 1
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_254.pdf [PDF | 1.34MB]

Current asthma prevalence percentage, children ages 18 and under, 2011

 

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Boys

9.7

8.3

1.2

Girls

9.5

7.3

1.3

Both Sexes

9.6

7.8

1.2

Source:  CDC 2013. National Health Interview Survey Data 2011. Table 4-1
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/2011/table4-1.htm

Current asthma prevalence percentage, children ages 18 and under, 2011

 

Population

Non-Hispanic White

Population / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Hispanic

9.6

7.8

1.2

Puerto Rican

24.8

7.8

3.2

Mexican

7.8

7.8

1.0

Source:  CDC 2013. National Health Interview Survey Data 2011. Table 4-1
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nhis/2011/table4-1.htm

Hospital admissions rate for asthma, children ages 2-17, United States, 2008

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

125.6

84.3

1.5

Source: 2011 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 8_3_2.1_2
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

Rate for hospital emergency department visits for asthma, children ages 2-19, United States, 2007

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

93.5

54.8

1.7

Source: 2011 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 6_4_14.1_1
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

Death rates for children 0–17 years of age, 2003-2005 (deaths per 1,000,000)

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

1.8

1.3

1.4

Source:  CDC 2006. The State of Childhood Asthma, United States, 1980–2005. Table B.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad381.pdf [PDF | 365KB]

The proportional impact of asthma prevalence, health care use and mortality among children 0–17 years of age, by race and ethnicity, United States, 2003–2004

 

Hispanic

Non-Hispanic White

Hispanic/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Current prevalence (2004-2005)

90%

92%

1.0

Emergency department visit rate

109%

66%

1.7

Death rate

69%

50%

1.4

Source: CDC 2006. The State of Childhood Asthma, United States, 1980–2005. Table VIII.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad381.pdf [PDF | 365KB]


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