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Chronic Liver Disease and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders

Among Asian Americans, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity, and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.
  • In 2009, chronic liver disease was the seventh leading cause of death for Asian/Pacific Islander males, 45-64 years old. 1
  • Asian Americans have the highest incidence rates of liver cancer for both sexes compared with Hispanic, non-Hispanic Whites, or non-Hispanic Blacks. 2
  • Asian male subgroups have higher mortality rates for liver cancer, specifically 54.3 for Vietnamese, 33.9 for Koreans, 23.3 for Chinese, 16.8 for Filipino, and 9.3 for Japanese. 2
  • Asian Americans are more than twice as likely to die from liver and IBD cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • The incidence rate for liver and IBD cancer is almost three times higher for Asian American women.

At a glance – Cancer Rates for Asian/Pacific Islanders (2005-2009):

Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men

Cancer

Asian/Pacific Islander Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

Asian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

342.6

564.7

0.6

Liver & IBD*

22.1

8.8

2.5



Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women

Cancer

Asian/Pacific Islander Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Asian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

All Sites

299.4

439.0

0.7

Liver & IBD*

8.5

2.9

2.9

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2012. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009. Tables 2.15, and 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.4KB]
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_02_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

At a glance – Diagnosed:

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have been told by a doctor that they have chronic liver disease, 2010

Asian

Non-Hispanic White

Asian/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

1.6

1.3

1.2

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 8.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.5MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Men (2005-2009)

Cancer

Asian/Pacific Islander Men

Non-Hispanic White Men

Asian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Liver & IBD*

14.5

7.0

2.1



Cancer Death Rates per 100,000 – Women (2005-2009)

Cancer

Asian/Pacific Islander Women

Non-Hispanic White Women

Asian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Liver & IBD*

6.1

2.9

2.1

*IBD = Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Source:  NCI 2012. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009. Table 14.15
http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/results_single/sect_14_table.15.pdf [PDF | 11.3KB]

Age-Adjusted Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

Asians/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Asians/Pacific Islander/
Alaska Native/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

3.4

9.1

0.4

Source:  CDC 2012. Deaths: Final Data for 2009. Table 16 and Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]


1CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html

2 Source: CDC 2008. Health characteristics of the Asian adult population: United States, 2004–2006, page 2. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad394.pdf [PDF | 476KB]


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Content Last Modified: 8/24/2012 10:10:00 AM
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