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Obesity and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were almost four times more likely to be obese than the overall Asian American population in 2011.
  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 30 percent more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic Whites in 2011
  • Obesity continues to be a health risk in the United States Pacific Territories. Reports from the World Health Organization indicate that in the Federated States of Micronesia, almost 83 percent of women were either overweight or obese in 2008.

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are overweight but not obese, 2011. (Persons are considered overweight if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25 or greater.)

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

48.5

33.9

1.4

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are obese, 2011. (Persons are considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.)

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White

34.7

26.2

1.3

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 31.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

Percentage of adults 18 years of age and over who are either overweight or obese, 2008-2010

Gender

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men 86.6 68.4 1.3
Women 66.9 51.6 1.3
Both 73.4 59.9 1.2

Source:  CDC 2013.  Health Behaviors of Adults: United states, 2008-2010. Table 6.1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_257.pdf [PDF | 3.21MB]

Percentage of adults either overweight or obese, 2008 (BMI of 25 or greater)

Territory

Men

Women

Federated States of Micronesia

67.9 82.5

Marshall Islands

77.4 81.0

Republic of Palau

-- --

Solomon Islands

61.0 69.6

United States - NHOPI, 2008-2010*

86.6 66.9

United States - 2008

73.5 68.2

Source:  WHO 2011. Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2011.
http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_profiles2011/en/index.html

*Source:  CDC 2013.  Health Behaviors of Adults: United states, 2008-2010. Figure 6.1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_257.pdf [PDF | 3.21MB]

*Comparable data is not available; this is for illustration only.


CHILDREN

  • No national data available at this time.

HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY

  • More than 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. 1
  • People who are overweight are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure, high levels of blood fats, and LDL cholesterol ("a fatlike substance") -- all risk factors for heart disease and stroke.1
  • In 2010, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were 30 percent less likely to engage in regular physical activity, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.

Physical Activity:

Inactive leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2011 (Did not meet federal physical activity guidelines)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

57.4

44.1

1.3

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 29.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

Some leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2011 (Met aerobic guidelines only)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

23.7

29.4

0.8

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 29.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]

Regular leisure-time physical activity, adults 18 and over, 2011 (Met federal physical activity guidelines)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

NHOPI/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio

15.5

23.0

0.7

Source:  CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 29.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]


At a Glace – Risk Factors:

Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases. For statistics on these related diseases see:

Diabetes – See Diabetes and Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

Heart Disease –See Heart Disease and Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

Stroke –See Stroke and Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders


1Source: http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2011/Obesity2011Report.pdf [PDF | 7.4MB] Exit Disclaimer


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Content Last Modified: 10/22/2013 10:25:00 AM
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