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Country of Origin Adjectives

 
 
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In Spanish, the country of Origin terms denote gender, masculine terms typically ending in "o", and feminine terms ending in "a". Terms ending in "se" are invariable. National origin terms may be separated with a hyphen or written together in a single word. In Spanish, national origins are not capitalized, in English they are. *



* NOTE: In Spanish, the national origin term corresponding to the people from the United States is "estadounidense". Strictly speaking, the term "americano" refers to a person from any country of the region of the Americas. Nevertheless, the Spanish-speaking population of the United States of America uses it to refer to the people from this country. Indigenous people prefer their tribal name.




 

 

 

 

 

Country of Origin Adjectives
English
Inglés
Spanish
Español
Colloquial or Related Terms
Términos coloquiales o relacionados en masculino
American estadounidense americano -see note above / véase nota arriba;
gringo
Argentinean argentino Gaucho
Argentinean-American argentino-americano  
Bolivian boliviano coyas: región de la Paz;
cambas: región de Santa Cruz
Bolivian-American boliviano-americano  
Central American centroamericano  
Chilean chileno cerrillano/a: de la comuna de Cerrillos en Santiago de Chile.
Chilean-American chileno-americano  
Colombian colombiano  
Colombian-American colombiano-americano  
Costa Rican costarricense Tico
Costa Rican-American costarricense-americano  
Cuban cubano  
Cuban-American cubano-americano  
Dominican dominicano quisqueyano, de Quisqueya
Dominican-American dominicano-americano  
Ecuadorian ecuatoriano costa, sierra, serrano (procedente de cualquier cadena montañosa en general)
Ecuadorian-American ecuatoriano-americano  
Guatemalan guatemalteco chapín/a
Guatemalan-American guatemalteco-americano  
Hispanic hispano from Spain or Hispanoamérica
Hispanic-American hispano-americano  
Honduran hondureño Catracho
Honduran-American hondureño-americano  
Latino latino  
Latin-American latinoamericano  
Mexican mexicano  
Mexican-American méxicoamericano chicano, raza
Nicaraguan nicaragüense nica, nicoyas
Nicaraguan-American nicaragüense-americano  
North American norteamericano  
Panamanian panameño colonense/a: de Colón
Panamanian-American panameño-americano  
Paraguayan paraguayo Guaraní
Paraguayan-American paraguayo-americano  
Peruvian peruano chalaco/a: de Callao, Perú.
Peruvian-American peruano-americano  
Puerto Rican puertorriqueño boricua, de borinquen, jíbaro refers to rural persons with profound cultural roots.
Salvadorian salvadoreño Cuzcatleco
Salvadorian-American salvadoreño-americano  
Spanish/Spaniard español gallego/a: de Galicia; Ibérico/a: from Iberoamérica.
Spanish-American hispano-estadounidense

Hispanoamericano (in Spanish language it refers to people of the Americas of Spanish origin) Hispanic-American (used interchangeably in the U.S. for those of Latin-American descent and those of Spanish descent).

South-American sudamericano andino/a
Uruguayan Uruguayo Charrúa
Uruguayan-American uruguayo-americano  
Venezuelan Venezolano  
Venezuelan-American venezolano-americano  


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