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Heart Disease and African Americans

Although African American adults are 40% more likely to have high blood pressure, they are 10% less likely than their non-Hispanic White counterparts to have their blood pressure under control.

  • In 2009, African Americans were 30% more likely to die from heart disease, as compared to non-Hispanic white men.
  • African American women are 1.6 times as likely as non-Hispanic whites to have high blood pressure.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

6.3

6.6

1.0

Source:  CDC 2011.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

302.4

231.1

1.3

Women

195.4

142.1

1.4

Total

239.2

180.9

1.3

Source:  CDC, 2012. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 60, Num 3 Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to heart disease. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and African Americans

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2007-2010. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

40.5

31.1

1.3

Women

44.3

28.1

1.6

Source:  CDC 2012 Health United States, 2011. Table 70.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2010. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

African Americans

Non-Hispanic White

African Americans /Non-Hispanic White Ratio

34.1

23.9

1.4

Source:  CDC 2011.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

 

Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control, 2005-2008

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

38.6

44.1

0.9

Source:  2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_1_2.1
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

 

High Cholesterol

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol, 2007-2010.

 

African American

Non-Hispanic White

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

25.4

28.1

0.9

Women

25.6

27.4

0.9

Source:  CDC 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 71.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2008

African American

Non-Hispanic White

African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

76.9

74.1

1.0

Source:  CDC 2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_1_3.2b
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2008-2010.

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Men

24.0

23.9

1.0

Women

17.7

20.9

0.8

Source:  CDC, 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 62.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking, 2008

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

52.1

65.9

0.8

Women

63.7

66.1

1.0

Total

58.7

66.1

0.9

Source:  2011 National Healthcare Quality Report. Table 9_1_1.2b.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Aspirin Therapy

Percent of heart attack patients administered aspirin within 24 hours of admission, 2006*

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

95.8

96.6

1.0

Source:  2008 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 4_2_2.1
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr08/4_heartdiseases/T4_2_2-1.htm

 

Beta Blockers

Percent of heart attack patients administered beta blocker within 24 hours of admission, 2006*

African Americans

White

African Americans/
White Ratio

93.0

93.4

1.0

Source:  2008 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 4_2_4.1
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr08/4_heartdiseases/T4_2_4-1.htm

 

Hospital patients with heart attack who were prescribed ACE inhibitor or ARB at discharge, United States, 2009

Black

White

Black/
White Ratio

95.2

93.1

1.0

Source:  2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_3_3.1
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 8/29/2012 8:50:00 AM
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