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Heart Disease and Asians and Pacific Islanders

Overall, Asian American adults are less likely than white adults to have heart disease and they are less likely to die from heart disease. In general, Asian American adults have lower rates of being overweight or obese, lower rates of hypertension, and they are less likely to be current cigarette smokers.

  • Asian Americans are 50% less likely to die from heart disease

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2010

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

4.9

6.6

0.7

Source:  CDC 2011.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

 

 At a glance – Death Rate:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2009)

 

Asians/Pacific
Islanders

Non-Hispanic White

Asians/Pacific
Islanders /Non-
Hispanic White Ratio

Men

125.4

231.1

0.5

Women

77.9

142.1

0.5

Total

98.6

180.9

0.5

Source:  CDC, 2012. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 60, Num 3 Tables 16 and 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_03.pdf [PDF | 2MB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and Asian Americans

 

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2010.

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

20.5

23.9

0.9

Source:  CDC 2011.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control
Not available at this time.

 

High Cholesterol
Age-adjusted percentage of persons 20 years of age and over who have high cholesterol
Not available at this time.

Age-adjusted percentage of adults (men and women) with high cholesterol, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% diagnosed with
high cholesterol

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians

28.5

1.0

U.S. General Public

29.7

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

24.5

0.8

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

24.8

0.8

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 359KB]


Age-adjusted percentage of adults (men and women) who had their blood cholesterol checked, 2001-2002 (BRFSS, REACH 2010 Surveys)

Population

% checked blood
cholesterol

Ratio vs. General
Population

Asians

70.1

0.9

U.S. General Public

77.4

--

Cambodians (Lowell, MA)

47.7

0.6

Vietnamese (LA, Orange, and Santa Clara Counties, CA)

68.3

0.9

Source:  CDC, 2004.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 53(33):  760-765, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5333.pdf [PDF | 359KB]

 

Adults who received a blood cholesterol measurement in the last 5 years, 2008

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asian/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

80.5

74.1

1.1

Source:  2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_1_3.2b and 2a.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2010. 

Asian

Non-Hispanic White

Asian/White Ratio

9.3

21.7

0.4

Source:  CDC 2011.  Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010.  Table 25.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

Percentage of current smokers age 18 and over with a checkup who reported receiving advice to quit smoking
Not available at this time.

 

Age-Adjusted Percent of persons 18+ who currently smoke, 2008 - 2010

 

Asians

Non-Hispanic White

Asians /Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Male

15.3

23.9

0.6

Female

5.5

20.9

0.3

Source:  CDC 2012. Health United States, 2011. Table 62.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

 

At a Glance – Treatment:

Aspirin Therapy

Percent of heart attack patients administered aspirin within 24 hours of admission, 2006*

Asians/Pacific Islanders

White

Asians/Pacific Islanders
/White Ratio

96.8

96.6

1.0

Source:  2008 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 4_2_2.1
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr08/4_heartdiseases/T4_2_2-1.htm

 

Beta Blockers

Percent of heart attack patients administered beta blocker within 24 hours of admission, 2006*

Asians/Pacific Islanders

White

Asians/Pacific Islanders
/White Ratio

94.3

93.4

1.0

Source:  2008 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 4_2_4.1.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr08/4_heartdiseases/T4_2_4-1.htm

 

Hospital patients with heart attack who were prescribed ACE inhibitor or ARB at discharge, United States, 2009

Asian

White

Asian/White Ratio

95.4

93.1

1.0

Source:  2011 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Table 2_3_3.1.
http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr11/index.html


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Content Last Modified: 8/29/2012 9:20:00 AM
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