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Heart Disease and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

National data related to heart disease for Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders is not available at this time for many conditions and risk factors. Local data from states with high populations of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders may be useful in illustrating disparities among certain populations. Heart-related health issues vary among various Asian and Pacific Islander sub-populations.

  • In Hawaii, Native Hawaiians are 1.7 times as likely to die from heart disease as Whites.
  • In 2009, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were three times more likely to be diagnosed with coronary hearth disease, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are 70 percent more likely to have high blood pressure as their White counterparts.

At a glance – Diagnosed Cases of Coronary Heart Disease:

Age-adjusted percentages of coronary heart disease among persons 18 years of age and over, 2009

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

19.7

6.6

3.0

Source: Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 2
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

 

At a glance – Death Rate:

  • No national data available at this time.

A recent report from the state of Hawaii, a state with a high percentage of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander residents, reveals some relevant facts:

Mortality Rate for Major Cardiovascular Diseases, Hawaii 2005

 

Population

Population / White Ratio

White

180.9

--

Filipino

396.3

2.2

Japanese

180.3

1.0

Native Hawaiian

313.1

1.7

Source: State of Hawaii, 2007. The Burden of Cardiovascular Disease in Hawaii 2007. Figure 3.
http://hawaii.gov/health/statistics/brfss/reports/CVDBurden_Rpt2007.pdf [PDF | 892KB]

 

Prevalence of Adults who Reported a History of Myocardial Infarction (MI), BRFSS, Hawaii 2005

 

Population

Population / White Ratio

White

4.0

--

Filipino

2.7

0.7

Japanese

3.5

0.9

Native Hawaiian

4.4

1.1

Source: State of Hawaii, 2007. The Burden of Cardiovascular Disease in Hawaii 2007. Table 3.
http://hawaii.gov/health/statistics/brfss/reports/CVDBurden_Rpt2007.pdf [PDF | 892KB]

 

At a Glance – Risk Factors:

  • There are several risk factors related to heart disease. Some of these risk factors are:
Obesity and Overweight - See Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders and Obesity.

Hypertension

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who have high blood pressure, 2010. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

40.8

23.9

1.7

Source: Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 2
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

 

Cigarette Smoking

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over who are current cigarette smokers, 2010.

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic White

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

19.6*

21.7

0.9

Source: Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 25
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_252.pdf [PDF | 1.6MB]

*Estimates are considered unreliable. Data shown have a relative standard error of greater that 30%.

 

Percentage of Adult Smoking, BRFSS Hawaii 2010

 

Population

Population / White Ratio

White

14.8

--

Filipino

11.4

0.8

Japanese

10.0

0.7

Native Hawaiian

26.8

1.8

Source: State of Hawaii, 2012. Hawaii Health Data Warehouse.
http://www.hhdw.org/cms/index.php?page=tobacco-use Exit Disclaimer

 

At a glance – United States Territories:

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 (2008)

 

Territory

Non-Hispanic White (U.S. National)

Guam / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Guam

110.2

188.0

0.6

American Samoa

47.8

188.0

0.3

Northern Marianas

47.1

188.0

0.3

Source: CDC, 2011. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 59, Num 10 Table 19.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr59/nvsr59_10.pdf [PDF | 3MB]


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Content Last Modified: 10/12/2012 3:13:00 PM
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