Skip Navigation

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
OMH Logo US Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health The Office of Minority Health 1-800-444-6472
OMH Home | En Español
About OMH
Disparities Efforts
Our Services
Offices of Minority Health
Campaigns/Initiatives
Press Releases
Calendar
Employment
Publications
Federal Clearinghouses
Research
Performance/Evaluation
Search Library Catalog
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) Home

We're in!

We support health equity for all Americans.

National Partnership for Action logo

Office of Minority Health on Twitter

FYI ... Money & MoreFYI ...
Money & More

Join Our Mailing ListKeep Informed!
Join Our Mailing List

Image of a person asking a questionNeed Help?
Contact Us

HIV/AIDS Prevention
Bilingual Glossary
(English / Spanish)





HIV/AIDS Awareness Days


Infant Mortality and Asians and Pacific Islanders

  • Among Asian/Pacific Islanders, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the fourth leading cause of infant mortality.
  • The infant mortality rate for Asian/Pacific Islanders was twice as great for mothers under 20 years old, as compared to mothers, ages 25-29 years old.

    At a glance – Infant Mortality Rate:
    Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

    Asian/Pacific Islander

    Non-Hispanic White

    All Races

    Asian/Pacific Islander/Non-Hispanic White

    4.4

    5.3

    6.4

    0.8

    Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table A.
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

     

    At a glance – Leading Causes of Infant Mortality:

    Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading cause of death for Asians/Pacific Islanders, 2009.  (Rates per 100,000 live births)

    Cause of Death
    (By rank)

    #
    Asian/Pacific
    Islander
    Deaths

    Asian/Pacific
    Islander
    Death Rate

    #Non-
    Hispanic
    White
    Deaths

    Non-
    Hispanic
    White
    Death
    Rate

    Asian/Pacific
    Islander/
    Non-Hispanic
    White
    Ratio

    (1) Congenital malformations

    260

    103.5

    2,638

    119.2

    0.9

    (2) Low-Birthweight

    189

    75.3

    1,629

    73.6

    1.0

    (3) Maternal complications

    74

    29.5

    682

    30.8

    1.0

    (4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

    51

    20.3

    1,213

    54.8

    0.4

    Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 5.
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

     

    At a glance – Prenatal Care:

    Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care starting in the 1st trimester, 2011

    Race of Mother

    % Received Prenatal Care

    Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

    Non-Hispanic White

    85.7

    --

    Total Asian/Pacific Islander

    83.9

    1.0

    Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 10
    http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table10.pdf [PDF | 54KB]

    Percentage of live births in which mother received prenatal care starting in the 3rd trimester or did not receive prenatal care at all, 2008*

    Race of Mother

    % Received Late or No
    Prenatal Care

    Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

    Non-Hispanic White

    5.0

    --

    Total Asian/Pacific Islander

    5.1

    1.0

    Source:  CDC 2012.  Health United States, 2011.  Table 5
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf [PDF | 9.8MB]

     

    At a glance – Characteristics of Mother:

    Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

    Race of Mother

    % Mothers Who Smoked

    Ratio vs. Non-Hispanic White

    Non-Hispanic White

    22.0

    --

    Total Asian/Pacific Islander

    1.3

    0.1

    Source:  CDC 2012.  2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance.  Table 11
    http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/pnss_tables/pdf/national_table11.pdf [PDF | 56KB]

     

    Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, with less than 12 years education, 2005*

    Asian American

    Non-Hispanic White

    Asian American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

    6.5

    9.3

    0.7

    Source:  CDC 2009.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

     

    Infant mortality rates among mothers 20 years of age and over, with over 13 years education, 2005*

    Asian American

    Non-Hispanic White

    Asian American/Non-Hispanic White Ratio

    3.8

    4.1

    0.9

    Source:  CDC 2009.  Health United States, 2008.  Table 19
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus08.pdf [PDF | 12.2MB]

     

    Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2009

    Age of mother

    Asian/Pacific
    Islander

    Non-Hispanic White

    Asian/Pacific
    Islander/White Ratio

    Under 20 years

    9.4

    8.9

    1.1

    20-24 years

    5.6

    6.6

    0.8

    25-29 years

    4.0

    4.7

    0.9

    30-34 years

    3.8

    4.1

    0.9

    35-39 years

    4.2

    4.7

    0.9

    40-54 years

    6.0

    6.3

    1.0

    Source:  CDC 2013.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
    http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_08.pdf [PDF | 527KB]

    * More recent data is not available from the CDC at this time.

     


    You will need Adobe Acrobat® Reader™ to view PDF files located on this site. If you do not already have Adobe Acrobat® Reader™, you can download here for free. Exit Disclaimer



Content Last Modified: 7/29/2013 9:38:00 AM
OMH Home  |  HHS Home  |  USA.gov  |  Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  HHS FOIA  |  Accessibility  |  Plain Writing Act  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us  |  Viewers & Players

Office of Minority Health
Toll Free: 1-800-444-6472 / Fax: 301-251-2160
Email: info@minorityhealth.hhs.gov

Provide Feedback