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Hepatitis and African Americans

Hepatitis B infection has dropped significantly since 1991, but remains an area of concern for the African American population.

  • In 2010, non-Hispanic Blacks were 1.5 times as likely to die from viral hepatitis, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
  • Among all ethnic groups in 2011, African Americans had the highest rate of Hepatitis B.
  • African Americans were twice as likely to develop Hepatitis B, in 2011, than the White population.
  • African Americans between the ages of 19-24 were three times more likely to have Hepatitis B, in 2008.

VIRAL HEPATITIS

Death Rates:

Death Rates for Viral Hepatitis, 2010 (all types)

 

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black / Non-Hispanic White Ratio

Male

4.0

2.6

1.5

Female

1.9

1.2

1.6

Total

2.8

1.9

1.5

Source:  CDC, 2013. Deaths: Final Data for 2010. National vital statistics reports; vol. 61, no. 4. Table 17.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf [PDF | 3.47MB]

HEPATITIS A

Hepatitis A, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2008

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Healthy People 2010 Goal

Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

0.4

0.6

4.3

0.7

Source:  CDC 2012.  Healthy People 2010 Database.  Table 14-06.
http://wonder.cdc.gov/scripts/data2010

Hepatitis A, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2011

Black

White

Black / White Ratio

0.26

0.31

0.8

Source: CDC, 2013. Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States , 2011. MMWR 2013; v. 60, no. 53. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6053.pdf [PDF | 4.76MB]

HEPATITIS B - ACUTE

At a glance – Adults (Hepatitis B):

Acute Hepatitis B in adults, aged 19-24 years, and high risk groups (Cases per 100,000 population), 2008

African Americans

Non-Hispanic White

Healthy People 2010 Goal

African American/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

5.7

1.9

1.8

3.0

Source:  CDC 2012.  Healthy People 2010 Database.  Table 14-03a.
http://wonder.cdc.gov/scripts/data2010

Acute Hepatitis B in adults, aged 25-39 years, and high risk groups (Cases per 100,000 population), 2008

African Americans

Non-Hispanic White

Healthy People 2010 Goal

African American/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

10.7

5.4

5.2

2.0

Source:  CDC 2012.  Healthy People 2010 Database.  Table 14-03b.
http://wonder.cdc.gov/scripts/data2010

Acute Hepatitis B in adults, aged 40 years and older, and high risk groups (Cases per 100,000 population), 2008

African Americans

Non-Hispanic White

Healthy People 2010 Goal

African American/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

13.0

4.2

3.7

3.1

Source:  CDC 2012.  Healthy People 2010 Database.  Table 14-03c.
http://wonder.cdc.gov/scripts/data2010

Hepatitis B, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2011

Black

White

Black / White Ratio

1.32

0.70

1.9

Source: CDC, 2013. Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States , 2011. MMWR 2013; v. 60, no. 53. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6053.pdf [PDF | 4.76MB]

HEPATITIS B - CHRONIC

At a glance - Adults (Chronic Hepatitis B):

Percent of reported cases of laboratory-confirmed, chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 2010

Black

White

Missing/Unknown Cases

Black / White
Ratio

7.8%

4.3%

49.8%

1.8

Source: CDC 2012. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2010. Table 3.4.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2010Surveillance/index.htm

At a glance - Immunization of Adults (Hepatitis B):

Percentage of adults ages 19-49 years, high risk groups, who ever received 3 or more doses of the hepatitis B vaccination, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

33.0%

37.8%

0.9

Source:  CDC 2013.  National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) - Adult Vaccination Coverage 2011. Table 1
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/stats-surv/nhis/default.htm

At a glance - Immunization of Adolescents (Hepatitis B):

Percentage of adolescents aged 13-17 years who ever received 3 or more doses of the hepatitis B vaccination, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Healthy People 2010 Goal

Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

91.7%

92.8%

90%

1.0

Source:  CDC 2012.  National Immunization Survey (NIS) - Teens 13 through 17 years old, 2011.
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/stats-surv/nisteen/data/tables_2011.htm#race

At a glance – Immunization of Children (Hepatitis B):

Percentage of children aged 19 to 35 months who received the universally recommended vaccination - 3 doses hepatitis B (hep B) vaccine , 2011

Non-Hispanic Black

Non-Hispanic White

Healthy People 2010 Goal

Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White
Ratio

92.1%

90.3%

90%

1.0

Source:  CDC 2012.  National Immunization survey (NIS) - Children 19-35 months old.
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/stats-surv/nis/data/tables_2011.htm#race

HEPATITIS C - ACUTE

Hepatitis C, Acute (Cases per 100,000 population), 2011

Black

White

Black / White Ratio

0.14

0.40

0.4

Source: CDC, 2013. Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States , 2011. MMWR 2013; v. 60, no. 53. Table 5.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6053.pdf [PDF | 4.76MB]

HEPATITIS C - CHRONIC

At a glance - Adults (Chronic Hepatitis C):

Percent of reported cases of laboratory-confirmed, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, 2010

Black

White

Missing/Unknown Cases

Black /
White Ratio

9.4%

24.5%

50.9%

0.4

Source: CDC, 2012. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2010. Table 4.4.
http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Statistics/2010Surveillance/index.htm


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