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Profile: Hispanic/Latino Americans

Hispanic/Latino Profile

Location of Cities in the United States with the highest population of Hispanic/Latino Americans For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in New York, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in Illinois, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in Texas, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in Arizona, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in California, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in Colorado, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in New Mexico, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in Georgia, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in Florida, click here. For additional data and statistics on Hispanic/Latino Americans in New Jersey, click here.

(Map of the US with the top 10 states displaying the
largest Hispanic/Latino population according to the Census Bureau)

NY - CA - IL - TX - AZ - NJ - CO - GA - FL - NM Exit Disclaimer

Overview (Demographics): This ethnic group includes any person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau population estimate, there are almost 56.5 million Hispanics living in the United States. This group represents 17.6 percent of the U.S. total population. In 2012, among Hispanic subgroups, Mexicans rank as the largest at 63.4 percent. Following Mexicans are: Puerto Ricans (9.5 percent), Central Americans (9.2 percent), South Americans (6.0 percent), and Cubans (3.7 percent). In 2015, states with the largest Hispanic populations are California (15.2 million), Texas (10.7 million), Florida (5 million), New York (3.7 million), and Illinois (2.2 million). Another significant point is that in 2015, 32.1 percent of Hispanics were under the age 18 in comparison to 19.1 percent of non-Hispanic whites.

Language Fluency: Language fluency varies among Hispanic subgroups who reside within the mainland United States. Census 2015 data shows that 73 percent of Hispanics speak a language other than English at home: 73% of Mexicans, 61% of Puerto Ricans, 79% of Cubans, 87% of Central Americans. 31 percent of Hispanics state that they are not fluent in English.

Educational Attainment: According to a 2015 U.S. Census Bureau report, 66 percent of Hispanics in comparison to 92 percent non-Hispanic whites have a high school diploma. 14.8 percent of Hispanics in comparison to 34.2 percent of non-Hispanic whites have a bachelor's degree or higher.

Economics: According to a 2015 U.S. Census Bureau report, 25.6 percent of Hispanics, in comparison to 14.7 percent non-Hispanic whites, work within service occupations. 20.5 percent of Hispanics in comparison to 41.7 percent of whites work in managerial or professional occupations. Among full-time year-round workers in 2015, the average Hispanic/Latino median household income was $44,782 in comparison to $61,394 for non-Hispanic whites. In 2015, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 22.6 percent of Hispanics in comparison to 10.4 percent of non-Hispanic whites were living at the poverty level.

Insurance Coverage: It is significant to note that Hispanics have the highest uninsured rates of any racial or ethnic group within the United States. In 2015, the Census Bureau reported that 47 percent of Hispanics have private insurance coverage. Among Hispanic subgroups, coverage varied as follows: 44.3 percent of Mexicans, 52.9 percent of Puerto Ricans, 55.5 percent of Cubans, 41.4 percent of Central Americans. Public health coverage varied among Hispanic subgroups: 38.3 percent of Mexicans, 45.4 percent of Puerto Ricans, 35.9 of Cubans, and 33.6 percent of Central Americans. Those without health insurance coverage varied among Hispanic subgroups: 21.5 percent of Mexicans, 8.5 percent of Puerto Ricans, 13.9 percent of Cubans and 28.2 percent of Central Americans. In 2015, 19.5 percent of the Hispanic population was not covered by health insurance, as compared to 6.3 percent of the non-Hispanic white population.

Health: Hispanic health is often shaped by factors such as language/cultural barriers, lack of access to preventive care, and the lack of health insurance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has cited some of the leading causes of illness and death among Hispanics, which include heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke, and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that significantly affect Hispanics are: asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV/AIDS, obesity, suicide, and liver disease.

Other Health Concerns: Hispanics have higher rates of obesity than non-Hispanic whites. There are also disparities among Hispanic subgroups. For instance, while the rate of low birth weight infants is lower for the total Hispanic population in comparison to non-Hispanic whites, Puerto Ricans have a low birth weight rate that twice that of non-Hispanic whites. Also, Puerto Ricans also suffer disproportionately from asthma, HIVAIDS and infant mortality. Mexican-Americans suffer disproportionately from diabetes.

Full Census Reports:

The Hispanic Population: 2010 [PDF | 1.7MB]

Language Use in the United States: 2011 [PDF | 1.1MB]

Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010 [PDF | 1.9MB]

Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015 [PDF | 1.6MB]

Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015 [PDF | 3.1MB]

Census Bureau, 2016. 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimate

Last Modified: 6/1/2018 5:09:00 PM