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Infant Mortality and African Americans

  • African Americans have 2.2 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites.
  • African American infants are 3.2 times as likely to die from complications related to low birthweight as compared to non-Hispanic white infants.
  • African Americans had over twice the sudden infant death syndrome mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites, in 2014.
  • In 2014, African American mothers were 2.2 times more likely than non-Hispanic white mothers to receive late or no prenatal care.

 

Infant Mortality Rate

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2014

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
All Races
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
10.9
4.9
5.8
2.2

Source:  CDC 2017.  Health United states, 2016. Table 10
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2016.htm

 

Leading Causes of Infant Mortality

Infant deaths and mortality rates for the top 4 leading causes of death for African Americans, 2014. (Rates per 100,000 live births)

Cause of Death
(By rank)

# African
American
Deaths
African
American
Death
Rate
#Non-
Hispanic
White
Deaths
Non-
Hispanic
White
Death
Rate
African
American/
Non-
Hispanic
White
Ratio
(1) Low-Birthweight
1,611
251.5
2,342
77.6
3.2
(2) Congenital malformations
931
145.3
3,556
117.8
1.2
(3) Maternal Complications
566
88.4
912
30.2
2.9
(4) Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
474
74.0
997
33.0
2.2
Source: CDC, 2016. Deaths: Final Data for 2014. Table 21..
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_04.pdf. [PDF | 5.42 MB]


Characteristics of Mother

Percentage of mothers who received prenatal care as early in their pregnancy as wanted, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
79.5
87.5
0.9

Source:  CDC.  Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), PRAMStat. 
http://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed August 25, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who received late (after first trimester) or no entry into prenatal care, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
25.8
12.0
2.2

CDC, 2017. PRAMStat (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System)
https://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed August 25, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes during the last 3 months of pregnancy, 2011

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
8.2
12.7
0.6

CDC, 2017. PRAMStat (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System)
https://www.cdc.gov/prams/pramstat/index.html [Accessed August 25, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who received late or no prenatal care, 2014

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
9.7
4.3
2.3

Source: Child Trends Databank, 2015.
https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/late-or-no-prenatal-care/ [Accessed September 22, 2017]

Percentage of mothers who reported smoked during pregnancy, 2014

Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black/Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.9
12.2
0.6

Source: Child Trends Databank, 2015.
https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/mothers-who-smoke-while-pregnant/ [Accessed September 22, 2017]

Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, 2014

Age of mother
Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic White
African
American/Non-
Hispanic White Ratio
Under 20 years
11.7
8.5
1.4
20-24 years
11.2
6.1
1.8
25-29 years
10.9
4.7
2.3
30-34 years
10.7
4.1
2.6
35-39 years
11.3
4.4
2.6
40-54 years
11.8
7.0
1.7

Source:  CDC 2015.  Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2013 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.  National Vital Statistics Reports. Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf [PDF | 994KB]

Last Modified: 11/9/2017 9:39:00 AM