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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Office of Minority Health

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Mental and Behavioral Health - Hispanics

  • Poverty level affects mental health status. Hispanics living below the poverty level, as compared to Hispanics over twice the poverty level, are over twice as likely to report psychological distress.
  • The death rate from suicide for Hispanic men was four times the rate for Hispanic women, in 2017.
  • However, the suicide rate for Hispanics is less than half that of the non-Hispanic white population.
  • In 2017, suicide was the second leading cause of death for Hispanics, ages 15 to 34.1
  • Suicide attempts for Hispanic girls, grades 9-12, were 40 percent higher than for non-Hispanic white girls in the same age group, in 2017.
  • Non-Hispanic whites received mental health treatment twice as often as Hispanics, in 2018.

MENTAL HEALTH STATUS

Serious psychological distress in the past 30 days among adults 18 years of age and over, percent, 2015-2016
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
3.7
3.7
1.0

Source: CDC, 2018. Health United States, 2017. Table 46.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus17.pdf [PDF | 10.22MB]


Serious psychological distress in the past 30 days among adults 18 years of age and over, percent of poverty level, 2015-2016
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Below 100%
6.8
12.1
0.6
100% - less than 200%
4.1
7.6
0.5
200% - less than 400%
2.6
3.1
0.8

Source: CDC, 2018. Health United States, 2017. Table 46.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus17.pdf [PDF | 10.22MB]


Percent of population with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort, all or most of the time, among persons 18 years of age and over, 2017
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Sadness
3.9
2.6
1.5
Hopelessness
3.0
1.9
1.6
Worthlessness
2.4
1.8
1.3
Everything is an effort
6.8
6.1
1.1

Source: CDC 2019. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2017. Table A-7.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm


Percent of population with serious psychological distress among persons 18 years of age and over, 2017
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men
2.1
2.7
0.8
Women
5.2
4.2
1.2
Total
3.7
3.4
1.1

Source: CDC 2019. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2017. Table A-8.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm

DEATH RATES

Age-adjusted death rates for suicide, by sex, race and Hispanic origin, 2017
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic /Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
11.2
28.2
0.4
Female
2.6
7.9
0.3
Total
6.9
17.8
0.4

Source: CDC, 2019. National Vital Statistics Report. Vol. 68, No. 09. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr68/nvsr68_09.pdf [PDF | 2MB]


Age-adjusted death rates for suicide, race and Hispanic origin, 2016
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
6.7
17.0
0.4

Source: CDC, 2018. Health United States, 2017. Table 17.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus17.pdf [PDF | 10.22MB]


Death rates for suicide, age, race and Hispanic origin, 2016: Men
 
Hispanic Men
Non-Hispanic White Men
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
15-24 years
13.5
26.6
0.5
25-44 years
14.6
24.5
0.6
45-64 years
12.7
33.5
0.4
65 years and over
13.7
36.5
0.4
All ages
10.9
36.1
0.3

Source: CDC, 2018. Health United States, 2017. Table 30.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus17.pdf [PDF | 10.22MB]


Death rates for suicide, age, race and Hispanic origin, 2016: Women
 
Hispanic Women
Non-Hispanic White Women
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
15-24 years
3.8
6.1
0.6
25-44 years
3.5
10.3
0.4
45-64 years
3.3
13.0
0.3
65 years and over
1.8
6.2
0.3
All ages
2.6
7.9
0.3

Source: CDC, 2018. Health United States, 2017. Table 30.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus17.pdf [PDF | 10.22MB]

ADOLESCENTS

Death rates for suicide: Ages 15 - 19, 2017
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic / Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male
12.5
22.0
0.6
Female
4.6
5.8
0.8
Total
8.6
14.1
0.6

Source: CDC, 2019. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [Accessed 08/02/2019]
https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html


Suicidal ideation among students in grades 9–12, 2017
Percent of students who seriously considered suicide
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men
10.8
13.0
0.8
Women
22.2
21.2
1.0
Total
16.4
17.3
0.9

Source: CDC 2019. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at https://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 08/02/2019]


Suicidal ideation among students in grades 9–12, 2017
Percent of students who attempted suicide
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men
5.8
4.6
1.3
Women
10.5
7.3
1.4
Total
8.2
6.1
1.3

Source: CDC 2019. High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data.
Available at https://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. [Accessed 08/02/2019]

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE

Percent of adults age 18 and over who received mental health services in the past year, 2018
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Total
8.8
18.6
0.5

SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.17B
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables


Percent of Adults age 18 and over who received prescription medications for mental health services, 2018
 
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Total
6.8
15.4
0.4

SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.37B
https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables


Percent of adults age 18 and over with past year major depressive episode who received treatment for the depression, 2018
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic White
Hispanic/ Non-Hispanic White Ratio
55.9
70.5
0.8

SAMHSA, 2019. Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Detailed Tables. Table 8.39B


1CDC. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). [Accessed 08/02/2019]. https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html

Last Modified: 9/25/2019 11:21:00 AM