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Profile: Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders

Map depicting State Health Departments with most Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander residents Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Hawaii Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Hawaii Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Utah Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Washington Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in New York Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Florida Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Texas Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in California Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Nevada Click here for additional data and statistics on Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in Oregon

(Map of the US with the states that have significant
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander populations according to the Census Bureau)

HI - UT - WA - FL - TX - CA - NV - OR - NY - AZ

Overview (Demographics): This racial group refers to people having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa or other Pacific Islands. According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, there are roughly 1.3 million Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders alone or in combination with one of more races who reside within the United States. This group represents about 0.4 percent of the U.S. population. Out of that number, about 370,000 Native Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders reside in Hawaii. Some other states that have a significant Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander population are: California, Washington, Texas, Nevada, and Utah. It is also significant to note that 32 percent of this group is under the age of 18.

Most recent data from the 2010 Census show overall populations for the following U.S. Territories: American Samoa 55,519; Guam 159,358; Northern Mariana Islands 53,883. United Nations estimates for other territories in 2015 are: Federated States of Micronesia 104,000; Marshall Islands 53,000; Republic of Palau 21,000.

Educational Attainment: In 2015, 88.8 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, alone or in combination, have high school diplomas or higher, as compared to 92.3 percent for whites. 21.5 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders have a bachelor's degree or higher in comparison to 34.2 percent of whites. 6.5 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders have obtained graduate degrees in comparison to 13 percent of whites. 28 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders speak a language other than English at home.

Economics: According to a 2015 Census Bureau report, the average Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander household median income was $60,133 in comparison to $61,394 for non-Hispanic white households. In 2015, the U.S. Census bureau reported that 17.3 percent of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, in comparison to 10.4 percent of non-Hispanic whites were living at the poverty level.

Insurance Coverage: In 2015, 66.4 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in comparison to 75.8 non-Hispanic whites used private health insurance. Also in 2015, 33.4 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders in comparison to 32.7 percent of non-Hispanic whites relied on public health insurance. Finally, 7.8 percent of Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, in comparison to 6.3 percent of non-Hispanic whites, were uninsured.

Health: It is significant to note that in comparison to other ethnic groups, Native Hawaiians/ Pacific Islanders have higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity. This group also has little access to cancer prevention and control programs. Some leading causes of death among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders include: cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that are prevalent among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.

Other Health Concerns: It is significant to note that in comparison to other ethnic groups, Native Hawaiians/ Pacific Islanders have higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity. This group also has little access to cancer prevention and control programs. Some leading causes of death among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders include: cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that are prevalent among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.

Other Health Concerns: The tuberculosis rate (cases per 100,000) in 2015 was 30 times higher for Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, with a case rate of 18.2, as compared to 0.6 for the white population.

Full Census Reports:

The Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Population: 2010 [PDF | 4.83MB]
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015 [PDF | 1.6MB]
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015 [PDF | 3.1MB]
Census Bureau, 2016. 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates

Other Resources:

United Nations Population Information Network Exit Disclaimer
U.S. Territories Summary Statistics and Estimates Exit Disclaimer
U.S. Territories Contacts
United Nations World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision

Last Modified: 9/15/2017 11:40:00 AM