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Diabetes and African Americans

  • In 2018, non-Hispanic blacks were twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes.
  • African American adults are 60 percent more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to be diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
  • In 2017, non-Hispanic blacks were 3.2 times more likely to be diagnosed with end stage renal disease as compared to non-Hispanic whites.
  • In 2017, non-Hispanic blacks were 2.3 times more likely to be hospitalized for lower limb amputations as compared to non-Hispanic whites.

Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 18 years of age and over with diabetes, 2018
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 13.4 8.7 1.5
Women 12.7 7.5 1.7
Total 13.0 8.0 1.6

Source: CDC 2021. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-4a.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm


Age-adjusted percentage of adults age 18 and over diagnosed with diabetes, 2018
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio

12.4 7.8 1.6

Source: CDC 2021. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html


Age-adjusted percentage of diagnosed diabetes for adults age 18 and over, 2017-2018
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Men 11.4 8.6 1.3
Women 12.0 6.6 1.8
Total 11.7 7.5 1.6

Source: CDC 2020. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020. Appendix Table 3.
https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics-report/index.html

 

Death Rates

Age-adjusted diabetes death rates per 100,000 (2018)
  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Male 47.6 24.3 2.0
Female 33.1 14.3 2.3
Total 39.3 18.9 2.1

Source: CDC 2021. National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 69, No. 13. Table 10.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr69/nvsr69-13-508.pdf [PDF | 2.05MB]


Related Conditions

Age-adjusted percentage of visual impairment for adults with diabetes (2018)
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
27.2 21.1 1.3

Source:  CDC 2021.  National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html

Hospital admissions per 100,000 for uncontrolled diabetes without complications, age 18 and over, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
114.1 36.4 3.1

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_1_1_.2a. [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Hospital admissions per 100,000 for lower extremity amputations, age 18 and over with diabetes, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
60.9 26.8 2.3

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 5_4_1_4_1. [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted incidence rate per million of end stage renal disease (ESRD) due to diabetes, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
418.7 131.0 3.2

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_3_6_1.2b [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted incidence rate per million of end stage renal disease (ESRD) related to diabetes, 2016
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
335.2 106.5 3.1

Source: CDC 2021. National Diabetes Surveillance System.
https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/diabetes/DiabetesAtlas.html

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors related to diabetes. Some of these risk factors are:

Obesity and Overweight - See Obesity and African Americans
Hypertension - See Heart Disease and African Americans
High Cholesterol - See Heart Disease and African Americans
Cigarette Smoking - See Heart Disease and African Americans

Treatment

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had received an influenza immunization, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
52.6 62.5 0.8

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_5_1.2b [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of persons 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a foot examination, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
66.5 69.0 1.0

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_4_1.2b [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of adults 40 years of age and over with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
61.4 63.9 1.0

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_3_1.2b [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Age-adjusted percentage of adults age 40 and over with diagnosed diabetes who received 2 or more hemoglobin A1c measurements in the calendar year, 2017
Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black /
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
73.9 78.1 0.9

Source: National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. Data Query: Table 6_4_1_2_1.2b [Accessed 2/22/2021]
http://nhqrnet.ahrq.gov/inhqrdr/data/query

Last Modified: 3/1/2021 11:03:00 AM